Student Services

Positive Behaviour Support

Manitoba Education and Early Childhood Learning Student Services consultants work closely with divisional Student Services Administrators to provide a continuum of supports and services to school divisions and schools related to learning and behaviour.

Across Manitoba, many schools have been striving to find the best approach for working with students who exhibit challenging behaviours. In many locations, these efforts have led to successful approaches for preventing and changing challenging behaviour. The themes that are common to a successful approach include the development of a positive school climate, a positive school-wide approach, team planning, community involvement, and professional support.

One framework that some school divisions employ is the three tiers of the Positive Behaviour Support model. This model represents a continuum of increasingly intense interventions that correspond to the responsiveness of students. Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)

Continuum of School-Wide
Instructional & Positive Behaviour Support

Pyramid Model

This pyramid model illustrates the continuum of behavioural issues in a typical student population.

  • Tertiary Prevention:
    • Specialized
    • Individualized
    • Systems for Students with High-Risk
  • Secondary Prevention:
    • Specialized Group
    • Systems for Students with At-Risk
  • Primary Prevention:
    • School-Classroom-Wide Systems
      for All Students, Staff, & Settings

All students will benefit from a universal system of interventions and supports.

Primary Prevention: Studies show that 80 to 85 percent of students generally meet the school’s behavioural expectations and that for this group of students the universal supports and interventions are sufficient to maintain positive behaviour.

Secondary Prevention: More targeted interventions, such as social skills instruction and behavioural intervention strategies, will benefit the 5 to 15 percent of students who are at risk of developing serious behaviour problems.

Tertiary Prevention: One to 7 percent do not respond to universal and/or targeted interventions. These students have behaviour challenges severe enough that they cannot meet behavioural expectations without intensive, individualized interventions.

Visit these websites for related information:

Information for Schools, Students, and Families

The consultant for Positive Behaviour Support and Planning provides consultation and support to schools and school divisions in the area of positive behaviour planning for both classroom based and student specific needs. The consultant will also work with school division and school staff to develop a school wide plan that addresses the continuum of needs of the student population.


Classroom-Based Links
  • Towards Inclusion: Supporting Positive Behaviour in Manitoba Classrooms
    This classroom based support document describes both proactive and reactive procedures and practices associated with positive behaviour support for use in the Manitoba classroom context.
  • Success for All Learners: A Handbook on Differentiating Instruction: A Resource for Kindergarten to Senior 4 Schools (1996). Not available online. Please send detailed request to

Core Competency Workshop: A Classroom Approach to Support Positive Behaviour is designed for school teams and other interested educators supporting students in positive learning environments, and provides an overview of nine key elements that improve behavioural and learning outcomes in the classroom.

Visit the Workshop Registration System for Summer Institute sessions.

Superintendents or Student Services Administrators can also request this workshop for schools, regions or divisions to better meet the school divisions and individual educators’ needs during the school year. 

Student-Specific Links

Core Competency Workshop: Planning for Behaviour will consider appropriate educational programming regulations and standards relating to behaviour programming and will focus on developing behaviour intervention plans and understanding student needs to guide intervention strategies.

Visit the Workshop Registration System for Summer Institute sessions

Superintendents or Student Services Administrators can also request this workshop for schools, regions or divisions to better meet the school divisions and individual educators’ needs during the school year. 

Legislation, Standards, Policies

Other related legislation or support documents:


General Enquiries
Inclusion Support Branch
Manitoba Education and Early Childhood Learning
Toll Free in Manitoba: 1-800-282-8069, ext. 7907