Student Services

Positive Behaviour Support

Manitoba Education Student Services consultants work closely with divisional Student Services Administrators to provide a continuum of supports and services to school divisions and schools related to learning and behaviour.

Across Manitoba, many schools have been striving to find the best approach for working with students who exhibit challenging behaviours. In many locations, these efforts have led to successful approaches for preventing and changing challenging behaviour. The themes that are common to a successful approach include the development of a positive school climate, a positive school-wide approach, team planning, community involvement, and professional support.

One framework that some school divisions employ is the three tiers of the Positive Behaviour Support model. This model represents a continuum of increasingly intense interventions that correspond to the responsiveness of students.

Continuum of School-Wide
Instructional & Positive Behaviour Support

pyramid model illustration

This pyramid model illustrates the continuum of behavioural issues in a typical student population.

  • Tertiary Prevention:
    • Specialized
    • Individualized
    • Systems for Students with High-Risk
  • Secondary Prevention:
    • Specialized Group
    • Systems for Students with At-Risk Behaviour
  • Primary Prevention:
    • School-Classroom-Wide Systems
      for All Students, Staff, & Settings

All students will benefit from a universal system of interventions and supports.

Primary Prevention: Studies show that 80 to 85 percent of students generally meet the school’s behavioural expectations and that for this group of students the universal supports and interventions are sufficient to maintain positive behaviour.

Secondary Prevention: More targeted interventions, such as social skills instruction and behavioural intervention strategies, will benefit the 5 to 15 percent of students who are at risk of developing serious behaviour problems.

Tertiary Prevention: One to 7 percent do not respond to universal and/or targeted interventions. These students have behaviour challenges severe enough that they cannot meet behavioural expectations without intensive, individualized interventions.

Follow these links for related information:

Information for Schools, Students, and Families

The consultant for Positive Behaviour Support and Planning provides consultation and support to schools and school divisions in the area of positive behaviour planning for both classroom based and student specific needs. The consultant will also work with school division and school staff to develop a school wide plan that addresses the continuum of needs of the student population.



General Enquiries
Inclusion Support Branch
Manitoba Education
Toll Free in Manitoba: 1-800-282-8069, ext. 7907