Schools in Manitoba

Homeschooling

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Right to Homeschool
Do parents have the right to homeschool their children?
  • Yes. The rights and responsibilities of parents for homeschooling their children are found in The Public Schools Act. For more information, see Legislation. Parents, legal guardians, or any person designated by parents or legal guardians may homeschool.
Can more than one family homeschool together?
  • A parent may homeschool children from two families.
Can a family designate another person to homeschool their children?
  • The person providing the education can be the parents or someone the parents have designated.
Is homeschooling monitored in any way?
  • Parents must notify the Homeschooling Office of their intention to homeschool and provide a program outline every year. Parents are also required to submit January and June Homeschooling Progress Reports annually.
  • Homeschool Liaisons may contact you regarding your program outline or your child’s progress.

Costs
Is funding available to parents to homeschool their children?
  • No. Provincial funding is not available to families who homeschool.
What does it cost to homeschool?
  • There is no charge to homeschool. Costs to acquire the resources to ensure an appropriate education vary according to the curriculum selected, the subjects taken, and the grade level of the student.

Programs
Does the Homeschooling Office provide a home study package?
  • No. Parents whose choose to homeschool their children are responsible for obtaining materials and resources for the program of study.
What subjects are required?
  • The Program Outline must include language arts, mathematics, science and social studies. It is recommended physical education, and options such as arts education (e.g. music, drama, visual arts, dance), other languages, and career development be included.
Must a homeschooler follow Manitoba curriculum?
  • Parents may choose to use Manitoba curriculum as one of their curriculum options, but there is no requirement to do so. See Curriculum Options
Can parents homeschool their children and also enrol them for some courses in a school?
  • A homeschooled student may enrol in a public or independent school provided the school agrees to this arrangement. Parents generally make such arrangements so that their children can take specific courses (e.g., Band, Physical Education/Health Education, Computer Science) or courses that parents feel that they cannot adequately teach (e.g., Physics, Senior Years Mathematics, other language).
How do I access specialized services for my child?
  • Services such as speech and language therapy, occupational therapy, psycho-educational assessments and programming are the responsibility of the parent.
  • For more information, contact the Homeschooling Office.
Does a homeschooled student have to write Manitoba provincial tests?
  • Homeschooled students are not required to write provincial tests, but they may do so. If parents choose to have their children write these tests, they should make arrangements with their local school well in advance so that accommodations can be made.
Does the Homeschooling Office grant high school credits or issue marks transcripts?

No. Only public or funded independent schools grant high school credits and issue marks transcripts.

Is my homeschooled child eligible to receive a Manitoba High School Diploma?
  • Homeschooled students are not eligible to receive a Manitoba High School Diploma unless they have fulfilled Manitoba’s graduation requirements.

Homeschooling Notification
At what age can homeschooling notification start?
  • A child may be a notified homeschooled student as early as September of the calendar year in which they turn five. A child must be a notified homeschooled student by September of the calendar year in which they turn seven.
At what age does a student no longer need to be a notified homeschooler?
  • Homeschooling notification is no longer required when a student enrolls in a public or independent school, reaches the age of 18, or completes Grade 12.
What is the process to homeschool in Manitoba?

There are four steps in the process to homeschool in Manitoba: Notifying, Processing, Confirmation and Reporting.

  • STEP 1: Notifying
    Parents complete and submit a Student Notification Form (Adobe PDF Document 282 KB) for EACH school-age child every year they are homeschooled.
  • STEP 2: Processing
    The Homeschooling Office processes the Student Notification Form. Homeschooling liaisons may contact parents to clarify information. A Student Notification Form for any child who was notified in the previous school year as a home school student will not be processed until the both the January and June Progress Reports have been received by the Department.
  • STEP 3: Confirmation
    The Homeschooling Office mails a Confirmation of Notification Letter to parents after Student Notification Forms are processed.
  • STEP 4: Reporting
    Parents complete and submit a January (Adobe PDF Document 229 KB) and June (Adobe PDF Document 244 KB) Progress Report for each student annually.
Where do I obtain a Homeschooling Notification Package?
Are parents required to notify their school division or neighbourhood school?
  • There is no legal requirement for parents to notify their school division and/or neighbourhood school. If the student is currently attending a school, it is suggested that parents notify the school of their intention to homeschool.
What if I lose my forms or need another copy?

Call or email the Homeschooling Office and new forms will be sent to you, or download and print all of the forms, including:

What happens when I make contact with the Homeschooling Office?
  • As Homeschooling Liaisons are assigned by geographical area, you will be asked where you live. Your Liaison will assist you with any questions you may have.
What if my child has a medical condition and unable to attend school?
  • Parents must consult with their local school principal, and if necessary, alternate arrangements may be made.
Can I homeschool a child with special needs?
  • Students with special needs require appropriate educational programming to meet their individual learning needs. Consultation with a Homeschooling Liaison is advised.
Can I homeschool while travelling?
  • Homeschool parents/guardians must inform the Homeschooling Office of their intention to travel prior to leaving Manitoba for an extended period of time. The submission of Student Notification Form(s) for each student which includes a program outline for language arts, mathematics, science and social studies is required. Parents/guardians must also submit the January and June Progress Reports. If alternative arrangements are needed, contact the Homeschooling Office.
  • If students are enrolled in school, contact the school principal to determine the program of studies while travelling.

High School Options
Can I homeschool my child in high school and what is required?

Yes, families can homeschool for high school from grades 9 to 12. When a student is homeschooled for the senior years, study in each of the four core areas (Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies) is required. A minimum of 16 courses must be completed over the four years. When considering this option, please note the student does not meet the requirements for a Manitoba High School Diploma. The Homeschooling Office cannot review student course work for the purpose of granting credits leading to a Manitoba High School Diploma.

Can I combine homeschooling in high school with enrolment in a public or funded independent school?

Yes, families can combine homeschooling with school enrolment. An example of combining homeschooling and attendance in a public or funded independent school is when a family homeschools for part of the student’s senior years education (for example, grades 9 and 10) and then enrols the student in a public or funded independent school for the other part (for example, grades 11 and 12). Please note the school principal is responsible for making placement decisions (grade level equivalency), as well as for determining whether homeschool courses (non-Manitoba course completions) should receive Manitoba senior years credit(s). Students enrolled in public or funded independent schools who meet provincial graduation requirements receive a Manitoba High School Diploma.

Can my child participate in the High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) while homeschooling?

Homeschool senior years students (minimum age 16) may enrol in the High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP). This trades training option is supported by Apprenticeship Manitoba and allows students to start apprenticeship training at the senior years level. Contact the Homeschooling Office for more information.

Can a homeschool student attend an Adult Learning Centre?

Adult Learning Centres (ALCs) are located throughout the province and offer online or in class instruction from Manitoba certified teachers. Students must be a minimum of 19 years of age (some centres accept students between 16 to 18 years of age) to register. Students can earn high school credits and complete a high school diploma.

At what age can a homeschool student write the GED?

Most employers and some community colleges and universities recognize GED certificates. They may be accepted for employment, apprenticeship admission, and other training programs. The GED certificate is not a high school diploma; rather, it certifies that the holder has a general educational background relative to that of the average high school graduate. Homeschooled students age 17-18, that have completed their 12th year of education, may have the age 19 eligibility requirement waived. Contact the Homeschooling Office concerning this waiver.


Planning for Success
What factors are likely to lead to successful homeschooling?

The most important factors are:

  • Developing a well thought out educational plan for each child.
  • Obtaining adequate and appropriate resources and teaching materials for each child, whether these are programs that have already been developed (e.g., Independent Study Option courses, Structured Curricula) or the materials and activities necessary to deliver a child-centred approach.
  • Monitoring, evaluating and recording each child’s progress, and providing on-going feedback.
  • Ensuring Student Notification Forms, and January and June Homeschooling Progress Reports are submitted annually.
Do I need to keep my homeschooling records?
  • Families are encouraged to retain all homeschooling records including Student Notification forms, and January/June Homeschooling Progress Reports. An important part of effective instruction is evaluating and documenting a child’s progress. A portfolio containing samples of a child’s work may be used to record and show growth over time.
  • Families are also encouraged to retain the Confirmation of Notification letters received each year from the Homeschooling Office, as verification of education for any inquiring authority (e.g. Canada Revenue Agency, Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada, local public school division).
How do I plan for my child’s future post-secondary and employment opportunities?
  • Homeschooled students studying non-Manitoba curricula are not eligible to receive a Manitoba High School Diploma. Families are encouraged to retain all homeschooling records including Student Notification forms, and January/June Homeschooling Progress Reports. Homeschooling families are responsible for post-secondary and career planning by determining the entrance/application requirements for further study or employment. Homeschooled students seeking post-secondary admission are encouraged to contact the registrar’s office to determine the entrance requirements that could include supporting documentation such as a resume, portfolio of work, etc. Manitoba Education does not provide letters of completion for homeschool students.
What are post-secondary apprenticeship programs?

Apprenticeship programs are a work-based post-secondary training program that leads to a Certificate of Qualification in a skilled trade. Most trade programs take 2-4 years to complete and they combine approximately 80 percent paid-on-the job training with 20 percent technical training in the classroom.

What if post-secondary institutions request high school transcripts?

Some post-secondary institutions may request a high school mark transcript for admission. Please note the Homeschooling Office cannot provide student mark transcripts. Homeschooling parents may choose to create mark transcripts for their children. Sample transcript templates are available online and can be found through an online search.


Enrolling in School
How do I enrol my children in a public or independent school?
  • Contact the school principal. Parents may be asked to provide evidence of their child’s homeschooling program.
  • If a student moves from homeschooling to full-time attendance in a school at a point during the school year, parents are to inform the Homeschooling Office so that accurate records can be maintained.
If parents decide to enrol their children in a public or independent school, who decides at what grade level the children will be placed? Will the children get any credit for learning which has taken place at home?
  • Principals of schools are responsible for making grade level placement decisions, as well as for determining whether non-Manitoba course completions should receive Manitoba Senior Years credit(s). For more information, see Evaluating Non-Manitoba Course Completions for Senior Years Credits.
  • For this reason, it is strongly recommended parents demonstrate what their children learned and how well they achieved the goals of their homeschooling program by providing samples of work collected over time to the receiving school.