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MY CHILD IN SCHOOL

MY CHILD IN SCHOOL – Informed Parent, Involved Parent

**Grade 10 Essential Mathematics**

The Essential Mathematics courses in Grades 10, 11 and 12 are for students interested in post-secondary studies that do not require advanced mathematics. These courses are also for students wanting to learn mathematics for their personal and work-related use after high school, and for some of the trade apprenticeship programs.

The topics studied in Grade 10 Essential Mathematics are:

- Analysis of Games and Numbers
- Personal Finance
- Measurement
- 2D Geometry
- Trigonometry
- Consumer Decisions
- Transformations
- Angle Construction

**Grade 10 Introduction to Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics**

This course is for students who may be interested in post-secondary programs that require further study in mathematics. Students learn to use mathematics to solve problems related to real life situations, often using technology such as graphing calculators or computer software. They also learn to use algebra and abstract mathematics to solve problems that may or may not be related to real life situations. It is recommended that students earn a credit in this course in order to continue in either Grade 11 Applied Mathematics or Grade 11 Pre-Calculus Mathematics.

The topics studied in this course are:

- Measurement (Linear, Surface Area and Volume)
- Trigonometry
- Coordinate Geometry (Characteristics of Linear Relations and Line Segments)
- Linear Functions
- Systems of Linear Equations
- Algebra – Polynomial Factoring, Roots and Powers

For further information, speak to your child’s teacher or refer to *Grades 9 to 12 Mathematics: Manitoba Curriculum Framework of Outcomes*.

Your child’s learning is assessed based on the topics listed under **What Your Child is Learning**. Assessments take place during the entire course. Teachers determine how they gather evidence of learning. This may include observation, projects, conversation, tests, final exams and other strategies. Teachers consider which evidence of learning is used and how much weight is attached to it to determine a grade for the report card.

For information about provincial policy related to assessment, grading and report cards, see:

To obtain a high school diploma, all students must earn one full credit in mathematics at each grade level (9 to 12).

Grade 10 Essential Mathematics is usually offered as one full course (1 credit) but some schools may offer it as two half courses (2 x ½ credits). When it is divided into half courses, it would be possible for a student to earn a half credit in one half-course and not in the other. When this happens, it is necessary to talk to the teacher and the school to discuss how to earn the other half credit.

Students taking Grade 10 Introduction to Applied and Pre-Calculus will be asked to select options for Grade 11 mathematics. Proficiency in some topics, such as Trigonometry, Coordinate Geometry, and Systems of Linear Equations is important for further study in both Applied and Pre-Calculus Mathematics. Proficiency with the topic of Measurement is more important for Applied Math while proficiency with the topic of Algebra is more important for Pre-Calculus. The mathematics teacher will be able to give you some guidance regarding the appropriate mathematics course(s) for your child in Grade 11.