Physical Education/Health Education

Manitoba Curriculum Framework of Outcomes for Active Healthy Lifestyles

Fitness Management
Personal and Social Management
Healthy Lifestyle Practices


Fitness Management
Personal/Social Management
Healthy Lifestyle Practices
Movement (Kindergarten)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.A.1
Develop a movement vocabulary (e.g., running, hopping, jumping, overhand throwing, catching, balancing, underhand throwing...) by responding to verbal and visual cues with the corresponding body movements

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.1
Discuss movement skill development as requiring good practice and patience in learning (e.g., to make and correct mistakes is part of the learning process; try, try again...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.2
Introductory Stage K.1.1.B.2  Show an understanding that balance is affected by the amount of force (i.e., speed, weight) and body position (i.e., bent knees, feet apart in direction of movement, arms spread) in stopping and landing activities (e.g., stops and starts, jumping from low heights, movement exploration...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.3a
Recognize the terms "personal space" (i.e., space around own body) and "general space" (i.e., space available to move in) associated with space awareness

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.3b
Recognize names of body parts (i.e., head, neck, shoulders, arms, hands, elbows, wrists, legs, knees, ankles, feet, chest, waist, hips, back) when following instructions for physical activity (e.g., bend your knees, hands on hips, balance on one foot...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.3c
Explore, through movement, the difference between slow and fast speeds (e.g., walking and running...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.B.3d
Explore moving in relation to objects (i.e., around, under, over, near, far, in, out, through, on, off)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.C.1
Follow the fundamental rules (e.g., boundaries, roles, actions, verbal cues for stop, go, switch...) used in simple games and activities (e.g., cooperative tag games...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.C.2
Introductory Stage K.1.3.C.2  Recognize movement vocabulary (e.g., hop, skip, spin, deke, dodge, counter-clockwise...) when following directions related to simple games and activities (e.g., obstacle courses...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.C.3
Recognize the fundamental strategies of simple games/station activities (e.g., aiming at a target, fleeing in a tag game, hitting an object with an implement, staying in boundaries...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.K.C.4
Discuss ways to play cooperatively and safely (e.g., share equipment, follow directions, help others, be considerate...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.A.1
Travel safely using the basic transport skills (i.e., running, hopping, galloping, jumping) in general space (e.g., gallop freely without bumping into others or falling...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.A.2
Explore the basic manipulation skills (i.e., rolling, underhand throwing, catching, striking, bouncing, kicking) in a variety of simple movement experiences (e.g., throw a ball or beanbag underhand to an open space, strike a balloon with the hand...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.A.3
Explore static and dynamic balance (i.e., stopping, starting) in response to signals/cues/commands

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.B.1
Explore basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) and concepts (i.e., body awareness, space awareness) in simple individual/dual activities (e.g., use transport skills while moving in relation with another student as in "follow the leader"...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.B.2
Explore basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) and concepts (i.e., body awareness, space awareness) in simple group activities (e.g., chasing/fleeing-type games...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.B.3
Introductory Stage S.1.2.B.3  Set up and manage own games (e.g., skipping games, target games, hopscotch...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.C.1
Experience different ways of moving (e.g., climbing, running, hopping...) in a variety of play areas on the school grounds (e.g., on playground equipment, hardtop area, grassy fields...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.D.1
Experience moving to different rhythms (e.g., quick, slow...), applying movement concepts (e.g., body awareness, space awareness...) in simple rhythmic activities (e.g., creative movement, action songs/games...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.K.D.2
Explore the gymnastic movement patterns (e.g., landings, statics, springs, rotations, locomotion, swings...) in activities using large and/or small apparatus (e.g., educational gymnastics, rhythmic sportive gymnastics...)

Fitness Management (Kindergarten)

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.A.1
Introductory Stage K.2.3.A.1  Discuss exercises and physical activities associated with health-related fitness components (e.g., running develops endurance of the heart, jumping activities develop muscular strength and endurance of the leg muscles...)

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.B.1
Discuss the fact that daily physical activity makes muscles strong, including the heart

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.C.1a
Introductory Stage K.2.1.C.1a  Show an understanding of the location of main internal body parts affected by exercise (i.e., heart, lungs, bones, muscles)

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.C.1b
Introductory Stage K.2.1.C.1b  Recognize the physical changes in the body during physical activity (i.e., heart beats faster, body gets warmer, breathing accelerates, perspiration increases)

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.C.2
Introductory Stage K.2.5.C.2  Show an understanding of the factors (e.g., planning, regular participation, effort, adequate information, motivation, commitment, regular monitoring...) affecting personal fitness development

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.C.3
Introductory Stage K.2.2.C.3  Recognize that proper warm-up activities (i.e., light aerobic activity, stretching exercises) prepare muscles for vigorous activities (e.g., warm-up activities increase blood circulation and elasticity of muscles and ligaments...)

Acquisition Stage K.2.K.C.4
Introductory Stage K.2.3.C.4  Identify personal factors (e.g., interests, personal success, previous experiences, type of activities, developmental rates...) that influence physical activity participation and build self-confidence

Acquisition Stage S.2.K.A.1a
Participate in a wide variety of physical activities that contribute to skill/ fitness development and enjoyment

Acquisition Stage S.2.K.A.1b
Sustain participation in moderate to vigorous activity for short periods of time, based on functional capacity

Acquisition Stage S.2.K.A.2
Introductory Stage S.2.2.A.2  Determine own degree of exertion through simple methods (e.g., put hand on chest to feel increase in heart rate, "talk test"...) while participating in physical activities

Safety (Kindergarten)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.A.1
Recognize safe and controlled movement while participating in physical activity (e.g., stop and start on signal, move without interfering with others, enter and exit in a safe manner, land softly...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.A.2
Show an understanding that physical or medical conditions (e.g., injury, illness, asthma, physical disabilities, low fitness levels...) may affect degree and type of participation

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.A.3
Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate footwear for indoor and outdoor activities (e.g., running shoes for indoor physical activities, winter boots for outdoor winter activities...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.A.4
Show an understanding of general safety rules in the gymnasium (e.g., safe and unsafe areas and fixtures, entrances and exits, storage of equipment, use of mats...) for active play (e.g., sports/games, rhythmics/gymnastics...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.A.5a
Discuss common safety rules for physical activity on the playground and school play areas (e.g., climbing equipment, play fields, baseball backstops, fences, hard surfaces, sandpits...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.B.1
Identify safety symbols, hazards, and risks in everyday living (i.e., traffic, school bus ridership, waterfront, poisons, chemicals, stoves/ovens, sharp utensils, bathtubs)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.B.2
Introductory Stage K.3.1.B.2  Identify unsafe situations related to the environment (i.e., forest fires, floods, tornadoes, lightning) and safety rules for own protection

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.B.3
Identify practices (i.e., follow rules and instructions, play in supervised areas, dress appropriately) to prevent injuries related to indoor and outdoor play (e.g., sunburn, frostbite, burns, bruises, bumps, cuts...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.B.4
Recognize safety helpers in the community (e.g., parent/guardian, family member, babysitter, teacher, principal, doctor, police officer, bus driver, block parent, lifeguard...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.K.B.6a
Introductory Stage K.3.1.B.6a  Identify unsafe situations (e.g., involves sexual exploitation, unsafe persons, unsafe Internet sites...) and safety rules for child protection (e.g., follow parents' advice, never agree to go anywhere with a stranger, avoid walking alone, recognize and avoid enticements...)

Acquisition Stage S.3.K.A.1
Follow simple rules and routines for safe, active participation and use of equipment (e.g., follow instructions, stop on signal, cooperate with others, care for and share equipment, tag lightly...) in selected activities

Personal and Social Management (Kindergarten)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.A.1
Identify characteristics that describe self as special and unique (e.g., physical characteristics, abilities, gender...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.A.2a
Introductory Stage K.4.1.A.2a  Recognize that it takes time, effort, and cooperation to achieve simple individual tasks/goals (e.g., tying own shoelaces...) and group tasks/goals (e.g., deciding what to play in a group setting...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.A.2b
Introductory Stage K.4.1.A.2b  Discuss behaviours that demonstrate personal responsibility and irresponsibility in a classroom (e.g., paying attention versus disrupting, sharing versus monopolizing equipment, staying on task...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.A.3
Identify daily decisions and/or choices (e.g., what to wear, eat, play; what is safe...) and how choices are made for health and well-being

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.1a
Identify examples of responsible social behaviours (e.g., contributing by listening, following rules, taking turns, sharing equipment, speaking kindly, being courteous...) for getting along with others in school and schoolyard

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.1b
Introductory Stage K.4.1.B.1b  Discuss how feelings and experiences associated with participation in physical activities/sports, and/or social events can be the same or different from person to person (e.g., may feel excited, happy, angry, fearful, uncomfortable, frustrated)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.2a
Identify ways (e.g., focus attention on the speaker, do not talk at the same time as the speaker, nod, keep still...) to show a person is listening attentively when communicating

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.2b
Identify activities that friends do together (e.g., communicate with each other, play games, share toys...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.3a
Introductory Stage K.4.1.B.3a  Identify what can happen when someone becomes angry (e.g., red face, tense muscles, loud voice, physical aggression...) and healthy ways to deal with anger (e.g., take time to think about it, talk to the person who made you angry, ask an adult for help, go for a supervised walk/run...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.3b
Introductory Stage K.4.1.B.3b  Identify several causes of conflicts that may occur in class or play situations (e.g., disagreeing over who to play with, what to do, what to play with; not taking turns; not sharing; not being fair; wanting to be first...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.3c
Introductory Stage K.4.1.B.3c  Identify ways (e.g., be calm, seek adult help, take turns, follow rules, apologize...) to avoid or reduce potential conflict situations (i.e., in class, at play)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.B.4
Recognize appropriate response (e.g., avoid the danger, do not touch, seek out safe adult help, say "no" assertively...) in potentially dangerous situations

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.C.1a
Identify a range of feelings and emotions (i.e., happy, sad, angry, scared, surprised, anxious, excited) in a range of contexts (e.g., in new places, big spaces, dark spaces, while sharing, during physical activities, holidays, birthdays, during agreements or disagreements...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.C.1b
Recognize ways emotions are expressed by others (e.g., laughter, teary-eyed, smile, frown, body language...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.C.2
Identify situations (e.g., first day of school, going into a large gymnasium, going on a school bus, trying something new...) that cause feelings of anxiety or stress

Acquisition Stage K.4.K.C.4a
Identify the people (e.g., parents, siblings, teachers, block parent, religious leader...) who can provide support in stressful situations

Acquisition Stage S.4.K.A.1
Introductory Stage S.4.1.A.1  Set simple short-term goals and participate in strategies for goal attainment (e.g., running without stopping for one minute, listening attentively to the teacher reading a book, completing a task...)

Acquisition Stage S.4.K.A.2
Sort decisions and/or choices that are made daily, based on their positive or negative consequences (e.g., health-enhancing/unhealthy, safe/unsafe, helpful/harmful...)

Acquisition Stage S.4.K.A.3
Demonstrate behaviours that show social responsibility in class activities (e.g., listen attentively, speak kindly, share...)

Acquisition Stage S.4.K.A.5
Experience activities for relaxation (e.g., have a nap or quiet time, play outside, read a book, hold a plush toy, listen to music, watch television...)

Healthy Lifestyle Practices (Kindergarten)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.A.1
Identify daily habits for leading a physically active and healthy life (i.e., daily physical activity, healthy eating, adequate sleep and rest, effective dental and hygiene practices)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.A.2
Introductory Stage K.5.2.A.2  Identify common communicable diseases/illness/conditions (e.g., colds, flu, pink-eye, head lice...) in the classroom and home, and ways to prevent the spread of disease/illness/ conditions (e.g., cover mouth when sneezing or coughing, wash hands regularly, share food appropriately, use own hair utensils and headwear...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.A.3
Show an understanding of the changes (i.e., shedding of primary teeth, eruption of permanent teeth) related to growth and development of teeth, and proper dental care

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.B.1
Introductory Stage K.5.2.B.1  Identify the health benefits (i.e., better health, posture, balance, self-esteem, healthy weight, stronger muscles and bones) of participating in regular physical activity (e.g., accumulating more than 60 minutes and up to several hours a day of physical activity...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.B.2
Identify physical activities that are enjoyable and fun through a variety of strategies (e.g., pictorial representations, mime, admit/exit slips...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.B.3
Discuss how automation has an impact on daily physical activity (e.g., increased need for planned, daily physical activity due to overuse of video games, television, computers...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.C.1a
Recognize the food guide rainbow and a variety of foods in Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating (CFGHE)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.C.1b
Recognize that you need food to grow and feel good

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.C.2
Introductory Stage K.5.2.C.2  Identify the need for daily food and fluid to support physical activity

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.D.1
Identify helpful and harmful substances found in the home and school (i.e., medications, vitamins, cough syrup, substances that may cause allergies, household products with danger symbols, tobacco products)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.D.2
Introductory Stage K.5.3.D.2  Identify helpful and/or harmful substances (i.e., vitamins, medicines, tobacco, alcohol) and their effects on a healthy body (e.g., vitamins help build body tissues; medicines fight germs and/or reduce pain; nicotine in tobacco affects circulatory system and nervous system; first-and second-hand tobacco smoke affects lungs and may cause cancer; consuming or inhaling vapours from dangerous products harms the body or causes death...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.E.1a
Identify the major parts of the body by their appropriate names (e.g., head, arms, shoulders, elbows, wrists, fingers, thumbs, legs, knees, ankles, feet, toes, chest, waist, hips, penis, vagina, breasts...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.K.E.3a
Show the understanding that people have a right to privacy (e.g., in reading corners, time-out zones, washrooms...)

Acquisition Stage S.5.K.A.1
Record, with assistance, daily practices for personal health (i.e., dental and hygiene practices)

Acquisition Stage S.5.K.A.2
Introductory Stage S.5.2.A.2  Record, with assistance, daily physical activities that are enjoyable for families to do

Acquisition Stage S.5.K.A.3a
Match a variety of healthy snacks to food groups and "other foods"

Acquisition Stage S.5.K.A.3b
Experience a variety of foods in each food group, respecting individual diversity, cultural traditions, and allergies

Acquisition Stage S.5.K.A.4
Demonstrate appropriate healthy choices in case scenarios related to substance use (i.e., do not touch unknown substances, do not eat or drink anything without permission)