Physical Education/Health Education

Manitoba Curriculum Framework of Outcomes for Active Healthy Lifestyles

Fitness Management
Personal and Social Management
Healthy Lifestyle Practices

Grade 1

Fitness Management
Personal/Social Management
Healthy Lifestyle Practices
Movement (Grade 1)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.A.1
Recognize the basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) used in different physical activities

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.1
Maintenance Stage K.1.K.B.1 Discuss movement skill development as requiring good practice and patience in learning (e.g., to make and correct mistakes is part of the learning process; try, try again...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.2
Show an understanding that balance is affected by the amount of force (i.e., speed, weight) and body position (i.e., bent knees, feet apart in direction of movement, arms spread) in stopping and landing activities (e.g., stops and starts, jumping from low heights, movement exploration...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.3a
Recognize the terms associated with moving in various directions (i.e., forward, backward, up, down, sideways) and at different levels (i.e., high, middle, low)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.3b
Recognize terms describing different body shapes (i.e., curled, stretched, narrow, wide, twisted)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.3c
Recognize time (e.g., fast or slow...), force (e.g., strong or light...), and flow (e.g., free and bound...) as qualities of effort in movement

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.B.3d
Recognize terms for moving in relation to others (i.e., lead, follow, chase, move with, flee, dodge)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.C.1
Demonstrate knowledge of fundamental rules (e.g., boundaries, safety...) used in simple games and activities (e.g., partner tag games...) designed by self or others

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.C.2
Introductory Stage K.1.3.C.2  Recognize movement vocabulary (e.g., hop, skip, spin, deke, dodge, counter-clockwise...) when following directions related to simple games and activities (e.g., obstacle courses...)

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.C.3
Identify the factors (i.e., target distance, size of target, weight or shape of projectile) affecting the level of difficulty of target games/activities

Acquisition Stage K.1.1.C.4
Discuss the meaning of sharing, honesty, respect, and other social behaviours related to physical activity participation (e.g., honesty means acknowledging that you have been tagged in a tag game...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.A.1
Demonstrate the basic transport skills (i.e., running, hopping, galloping, jumping) in a variety of movement experiences (e.g., run/hop around a hoop, jump consecutively in a forward direction...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.A.2
Demonstrate the basic manipulation skills (i.e., rolling, underhand throwing, catching, striking, bouncing, kicking) in a variety of simple movement experiences (e.g., roll a ball to a partner; toss a ball and catch it before it bounces twice; kick a stationary ball...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.A.3
Explore static and/or dynamic balance, using different movement concepts (e.g., using different shapes, levels, body parts...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.B.1
Maintenance Stage S.1.K.B.1  Explore basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) and concepts (i.e., body awareness, space awareness) in simple individual/dual activities (e.g., use transport skills while moving in relation with another student as in "follow the leader"...)

Acquisition StageS.1.1.B.2
Maintenance Stage S.1.K.B.2  Explore basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) and concepts (i.e., body awareness, space awareness) in simple group activities (e.g., chasing/fleeing-type games...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.B.3
Introductory Stage S.1.2.B.3  Set up and manage own games (e.g., skipping games, target games, hopscotch...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.C.1
Demonstrate functional use of basic movement skills (e.g., hopping, jumping, kicking...) and equipment in outdoor activities and/or special events (e.g., hopscotch, rope skipping, snow soccer, tabloids, cultural theme days, Aboriginal games...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1.D.1
Demonstrate transport skills (e.g., running, hopping, sliding/galloping, jumping...), applying movement concepts (i.e., body and space awareness) while responding to a variety of stimuli (e.g., beat of a drum, music, action words, poem...)

Acquisition Stage S.1.1 D.2
Maintenance Stage S.1.K.D.2  Explore the gymnastic movement patterns (e.g., landings, statics, springs, rotations, locomotion, swings...) in activities using large and/or small apparatus (e.g., educational gymnastics, rhythmic sportive gymnastics...)

Fitness Management (Grade 1)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.A.1
Introductory Stage K.2.3.A.1  Discuss exercises and physical activities associated with health-related fitness components (e.g., running develops endurance of the heart, jumping activities develop muscular strength and endurance of the leg muscles...)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.B.1
Recognize that vigorous physical activity is important for health and fitness development (i.e., vigorous aerobic activity makes the heart, muscles, bones stronger)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.C.1a
Show an understanding of the location of main internal body parts affected by exercise (i.e., heart, lungs, bones, muscles)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.C.1b
Recognize the physical changes in the body during physical activity (i.e., heart beats faster, body gets warmer, breathing accelerates, perspiration increases)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.C.2
Introductory Stage K.2.5.C.2  Show an understanding of the factors (e.g., planning, regular participation, effort, adequate information, motivation, commitment, regular monitoring...) affecting personal fitness development

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.C.3
Introductory Stage K.2.2.C.3  Recognize that proper warm-up activities (i.e., light aerobic activity, stretching exercises) prepare muscles for vigorous activities (e.g., warm-up activities increase blood circulation and elasticity of muscles and ligaments...)

Acquisition Stage K.2.1.C.4
Introductory Stage K.2.3.C.4  Identify personal factors (e.g., interests, personal success, previous experiences, type of activities, developmental rates...) that influence physical activity participation and build self-confidence

Acquisition Stage S.2.1.A.1a
Participate in a wide variety of physical activities using basic movement skills (i.e., transport, manipulation, balance) that contribute to skill/fitness development and enjoyment

Acquisition Stage S.2.1.A.1b
Sustain participation in moderate to vigorous activity to experience physical changes in the body

Acquisition Stage S.2.1.A.2
Introductory Stage S.2.2.A.2  Determine own degree of exertion through simple methods (e.g., put hand on chest to feel increase in heart rate, "talk test"...) while participating in physical activities

Safety (Grade 1)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.A.1
Maintenance Stage K.3.K.A.1  Recognize safe and controlled movement while participating in physical activity (e.g., stop and start on signal, move without interfering with others, enter and exit in a safe manner, land softly...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.A.2
Identify how weather conditions may affect safe exercising (e.g., ice/rain makes a running surface slippery, hot weather requires fluid replacement, danger of frostbite...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.A.3
Recognize the importance of proper, secure footwear (e.g., for keeping feet and ankles safe, warm, dry, and comfortable...) in physical activity on different surfaces (e.g., gymnasium floor, icy or wet surfaces, balance beams, climbing frames, mats...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.A.4
Show an understanding of the general rules for safe use of equipment (e.g., distributing, setting up, reporting unsafe conditions and situations, putting away...) and facilities (e.g., boundaries, special rules pertaining to a facility...) for selected activities (e.g., ball activities, circuits...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.A.5a
Identify common playground and physical activity hazards at school (e.g., on playing surfaces, slides, swings, ditches, parking lots...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.1
Identify potential safety risks in community related to toys, clothing, road and vehicles, bus ridership, unsupervised situations, fire/burns (e.g., lack of smoke detectors, matches, lighters, candles, cigarettes...), and holidays (e.g., Hallowe'en, Christmas, Hanukkah...), and ways to avoid injury

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.2
Identify unsafe situations related to the environment (i.e., forest fires, floods, tornadoes, lightning) and safety rules for own protection

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.3
Maintenance Stage K.3.K.B.3  Identify practices (i.e., follow rules and instructions, play in supervised areas, dress appropriately) to prevent injuries related to indoor and outdoor play (e.g., sunburn, frostbite, burns, bruises, bumps, cuts...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.4
Recognize community helpers (e.g., safe adult, police officer, bus driver, teacher, block parent, babysitter...) and how to seek help (e.g., know emergency telephone numbers, ask a safe adult or teenager for help, use a telephone, dial emergency telephone number, report what happened...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.5a
Identify types of physical and verbal violence (e.g., hitting, bullying, biting, kicking, name calling...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.5b
Discuss ways to be safe away from home (e.g., stay away from unsafe situations, move quickly away from dangerous situations, ask for help, know your parents' telephone numbers...)

Acquisition Stage K.3.1.B.6a
Identify unsafe situations (e.g., involves sexual exploitation, unsafe persons, unsafe Internet sites...) and safety rules for child protection (e.g., follow parents' advice, never agree to go anywhere with a stranger, avoid walking alone, recognize and avoid enticements...)

Acquisition Stage S.3.1.A.1
Maintenance Stage S.3.K.A.1  Follow simple rules and routines for safe, active participation and use of equipment (e.g., follow instructions, stop on signal, cooperate with others, care for and share equipment, tag lightly...) in selected activities

Personal and Social Management (Grade 1)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.A.1
Recognize positive attributes of self, family, and classmates (e.g., physical characteristics, abilities, qualities, culture, accomplishments, highlights...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.A.2a
Recognize that it takes time, effort, and cooperation to achieve simple individual tasks/goals (e.g., tying own shoelaces...) and group tasks/goals (e.g., deciding what to play in a group setting...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.A.2b
Discuss behaviours that demonstrate personal responsibility and irresponsibility in a classroom (e.g., paying attention versus disrupting, sharing versus monopolizing equipment, staying on task...)

Acquisition StageK.4.1.A.3
Identify initial steps (e.g., extending knowledge, stop and think, ask opinions of others, check rules, check options...) for making simple personal and/or guided decisions regarding home and classroom situations (e.g., follow class rules, use substances safely, wear protective equipment during play...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.1a
Maintenance Stage K.4.K.B.1a  Identify examples of responsible social behaviours (e.g., contributing by listening, following rules, taking turns, sharing equipment, speaking kindly, being courteous...) for getting along with others in school and schoolyard

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.1b
Discuss how feelings and experiences associated with participation in physical activities/sports, and/or social events can be the same or different from person to person (e.g., may feel excited, happy, angry, fearful, uncomfortable, frustrated...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.2a
Identify different ways (e.g., not interrupting, waiting for appropriate time, not hurting feelings of others, asking for a time out, avoiding tantrums...) of expressing feelings and emotions that contribute to getting along with others

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.2b
Identify ways (e.g., show consideration, take turns, share equipment, help others, be inclusive, show respect...) to get along with others for developing healthy relationships

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.3a
Identify what can happen when someone becomes angry (e.g., red face, tense muscles, loud voice, physical aggression...) and healthy ways to deal with anger (e.g., take time to think about it, talk to the person who made you angry, ask an adult for help, go for a supervised walk/run...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.3b
Identify several causes of conflicts that may occur in class or play situations (e.g., disagreeing over whom to play with, what to do, what to play with; not taking turns; not sharing; not being fair; wanting to be first...)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.3c
Identify ways (e.g., be calm, seek adult help, take turns, follow rules, apologize...) to avoid or reduce potential conflict situations (i.e., in class, at play)

Acquisition Stage K.4.1.B.4
Identify ways to exercise caution, avoidance, and/or refusal (e.g., look for danger symbol on labels, ask safe adult for help, say "no" and walk away...) in potentially dangerous situations

Acquisition Stage S.4.1.A.1
Set simple short-term goals and participate in strategies for goal attainment (e.g., running without stopping for one minute, listening attentively to the teacher reading a book, completing a task...)

Acquisition Stage S.4.1.A.2
Demonstrate ways (e.g., ask a knowledgeable person, participate in discussion groups or brainstorming activities...) to expand knowledge (e.g., stop and think before reacting...) and explore different options for making informed and health-enhancing decisions

Acquisition Stage S.4.1.A.3
Demonstrate behaviours that show social responsibility (e.g., look after belongings, follow directions, encourage others, express feelings in an appropriate manner, work/play cooperatively with others...) in daily routines

Acquisition Stage S.4.1.A.4
Demonstrate ways (e.g., using "I" messages, compromising, admitting responsibility, saying "I'm sorry"...) to resolve conflict in a peaceful manner with limited teacher input

Healthy Lifestyle Practices (Grade 1)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.A.1
Maintenance Stage K.5.K.A.1  Identify daily habits for leading a physically active and healthy life (i.e., daily physical activity, healthy eating, adequate sleep and rest, effective dental and hygiene practices)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.A.2
Introductory Stage K.5.2.A.2  Identify common communicable diseases/illness/conditions (e.g., colds, flu, pink-eye, head lice...) in the classroom and home, and ways to prevent the spread of disease/illness/conditions (e.g., cover mouth when sneezing or coughing, wash hands regularly, share food appropriately, use own hair utensils and headwear...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.A.3
Identify daily dental hygiene practices (e.g., regular brushing and flossing, healthy food choices...) for care of primary and permanent teeth

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.B.1
Introductory Stage K.5.2.B.1  Identify the health benefits (i.e., better health, posture, balance, self-esteem, healthy weight, stronger muscles and bones) of participating in regular physical activity (e.g., accumulating more than 60 minutes and up to several hours a day of physical activity...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.B.2
Maintenance Stage K.5.K.B.2  Identify physical activities that are enjoyable and fun through a variety of strategies (e.g., pictorial representations, mime, admit/exit slips...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.B.3
Maintenance Stage K.5.K.B.3  Discuss how automation has an impact on daily physical activity (e.g., increased need for planned, daily physical activity due to overuse of video games, television, computers...)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.C.1a
Maintenance Stage K.5.K.C.1a  Recognize the food guide rainbow and a variety of foods in Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating (CFGHE)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.C.1b
Maintenance Stage K.5.K.C.1b  Recognize that you need food to grow and feel good

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.C.2
Introductory Stage K.5.2.C.2  Identify the need for daily food and fluid to support physical activity

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.D.1
Identify safe and unsafe substances found in the home, school, and community that can help (i.e., healthy foods and drink, medicinal products as prescribed by a doctor) or harm the body (i.e., food or medicinal products with a broken seal, foul-smelling substances, items with the poison symbol)

Acquisition Stage K.5.1.D.2
Introductory Stage K.5.3.D.2  Identify helpful and/or harmful substances (i.e., vitamins, medicines, tobacco, alcohol) and their effects on a healthy body (e.g., vitamins help build body tissues; medicines fight germs and/or reduce pain; nicotine in tobacco affects circulatory system and nervous system; first-and second-hand tobacco smoke affects lungs and may cause cancer; consuming or inhaling vapours from dangerous products harms the body or causes death...)

Acquisition Stage S.5.1.A.2
Introductory Stage S.5.2.A.2  Record, with assistance, daily physical activities that are enjoyable for families to do

Acquisition Stage S.5.1.A.4
Demonstrate ways of exercising caution, avoidance, and/or refusal in case scenarios involving unknown substances (i.e., avoiding substances with a danger symbol, foods that cause allergies and opened Hallowe'en candy; taking proper dosage of prescribed medication)