REFERENCE MATERIALS

Distance Learning

Credit Recovery/Credit Continuation – Science


Science 10F

Class # 1949 Science 10F M1: Reproduction

In this module, you will be using your understanding about cells and applying it to the reproduction of cells. You will learn about the reproductive system, conception through birth, and inheritance of traits.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Dual Option Assignment
Assignment 1.2 From Conception to Birth
Assignment 1.3 Mutagens Investigation
Assignment 1.4 Research into Genetics

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1950 Science 10F M2: Atoms and Elements

In this module you will learn about chemical properties and reactions, models of the atom, and the periodic table. This will give you a firm understanding of the basics of chemistry that you will use again in Grade 10 Science.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Atomic Timeline
Assignment 2.2 Subatomic Particles and the Bohr Model
Assignment 2.3 Chemical Reactivity on the Periodic Table
Assignment 2.4 Chemical and Physical Change Experiments

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1951 Science 10F M3: The Nature of Electricity

The conceptual development of the particle model of electricity underlies an understanding of electrostatics and current electricity. In this module, you will construct simple devices like an electroscope to investigate electrostatic phenomena.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Understanding Electricity
Assignment 3.2 Create Your Own Electroscope
Assignment 3.3 Producing Electricity
Assignment 3.4 Circuits Review
Assignment 3.5 Simple Circuits Lab
Assignment 3.6 Electricity Project

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1952 Science 10F M4: Exploring the Universe

In Module 4: Exploring the Universe, you will begin your study with how ancient astronomers began to study the objects in the sky above them. Through the course, you will learn how to and why we measure objects, you will think critically about how the universe began, and you will examine modern space technology.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Measuring Altitude
Assignment 4.2 Locating Celestial Objects Using a System of Coordinates
Assignment 4.3 Path of the Sun and the Moon
Assignment 4.4 Monitoring the Retrograde Motion of the Planet Mars
Assignment 4.5 Life on Mars
Assignment 4.6 Measuring in Space
Assignment 4.7 Stars
Assignment 4.8 Mars Colony Project

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Science 20F

Class # 1953 Science 20F M1: Dynamics of Ecosystems

Welcome to Module 1: Dynamics of Ecosystems. This module will give you the chance to learn about the fascinating world of ecosystems. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. This topic is very important today because ecosystems are being seriously threatened by human activity.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Biochemical Cycles
Assignment 1.2 Toxin Investigation
Assignment 1.3 Predator-Prey Interactions
Assignment 1.4 Hydro Electric Power Decisions

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1954 Science 20F M2: Chemistry in Action

Welcome to Module 2: Chemistry in Action. This module will give you the chance to examine the interactions among elements as they form compounds through chemical reactions. This module is very important, because we all use chemicals in our everyday lives, and we need to be informed in order to make good decisions.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Biochemical Cycles
Assignment 2.2 Toxin Investigation
Assignment 2.3 Predator-Prey Interactions
Assignment 2.4 Hydro Electric Power Decisions
Assignment 2.5 Acids and Bases
Assignment 2.6 Chemistry in Technology and the Environment

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1955 Science 20F M3: In Motion

Welcome to Module 3: In Motion. In this module, you will learn about the physics of objects in motion, especially as they apply to motor vehicles.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Inertia and the Unrestrained Passenger
Assignment 3.2 The Link Between Force and Motion
Assignment 3.3 Speed and Braking Distance

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1956 Science 20F M4: Weather Dynamics

This module will give you the chance to learn about weather and weather patterns. Knowledge about weather not only helps us plan what to wear and what activities we can do outdoors, it also helps us plan seasonal activities such as when to plant a garden. Understanding weather patterns allows us to predict storms and evacuate areas that may be affected.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Energy Flow
Assignment 4.2 Research Project
Assignment 4.3 Climate Change Discussion

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

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Biology

Biology 30S

Class # 1777 Biology 30S M1: Wellness and Homeostasis

Welcome to the first module of Grade 11 Biology. This may be the most important course that you will ever take, because you will learn about your own body and how to stay healthy. You will study body systems, and complete your own wellness portfolio in which you will explore and reflect on your lifestyle and wellness.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Personal Wellness Goal
Assignment 1.2 A Walk in the Cold
Assignment 1.3 Wellness and Homeostasis

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1778 Biology 30S M2: Digestion and Nutrition

Welcome to Module 2. In Module 1, you learned about wellness and homeostasis, and you read about the essential life processes that every organism must manage in order to survive. In this module, you will learn about one of those life processes—the breakdown of food molecules to obtain energy and nutrients. This is called digestion.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Introduction to Digestion
Assignment 2.2 Nutritional Considerations
Assignment 2.3 Digestive Disorders and Diseases
Assignment 2.4 Decision Making

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1779 Biology 30S M3: Transportation and Respiration

Welcome to Module 3. In Module 2 you learned how the digestive system delivers the necessary food molecules to all body cells so that they can carry on the process of cellular respiration. In this module, you will learn about how the respiratory system functions to deliver oxygen molecules to all body cells so that they can carry on their vital processes. You will also learn about the circulatory system. These body systems depend on blood to carry vital materials to every body cell, and both systems maintain homeostasis of the human body.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Experiment: Effect of Exercise on Heart Rate
Assignment 3.1 Experiment: Effect of Exercise on Heart Rate
Assignment 3.1 Experiment: Effect of Exercise on Heart Rate

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1780 Biology 30S M4: Excretion and Waste Management

In this module, you will learn about how the human body eliminates the waste materials that are produced during the process of cellular respiration.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Osmoregulation
Assignment 4.2 Urinalysis and Kidney Transplantation

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1781 Biology 30S M5: Protection and Control

In this module, you will learn how your body protects and controls itself. You will learn about immunity, public health, and the human nervous system. Again, you will learn how these things contribute to wellness.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 5.1: Option A Vaccination Policies in Canada
Assignment 5.1: Option B Disease Investigation
Assignment 5.2 The Nervous System
Assignment 5.3 Investigation: Nervous or Endocrine Disorder

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1782 Biology 30S M6: Wellness and Homeostatic Changes

In this final module of this course, you will learn about how the body ages and gradually loses its ability to maintain homeostasis. Through this study of aging and dying, you will recognize that death is actually a loss of homeostasis.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 6.1: Option A Understanding Alzheimer's Disease
Assignment 6.1: Option B Investigation into Aging
Assignment 6.2 Advances in Medical Technology
Assignment 6.3 Wellness Summary

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Biology 40S

Class # 1733 Biology 40S M1: Understanding Biological Inheritance

Did you know that a male lion and a female tiger can mate and produce an offspring called a liger? Interestingly, male ligers are sterile and cannot produce offspring, while female ligers are often fertile. Ligers resemble lions much more than they resemble tigers. However, like tigers, ligers like to swim, a behaviour that goes against a lion’s nature. Also, a liger is much larger as an adult than either of its parents.

How can these realities be explained?

In the first module of this course, you will learn about how traits are passed from parents to offspring in the biological world. All living things, from microbes to mammals, carry genetic information that determines the great diversity of form and function in the life forms on Earth.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Introduction to Genetics
Assignment 1.2 Making Predictions in Genetics
Assignment 1.3 Sex-Linked Traits
Assignment 1.4 Pedigree Charts and Genetic Testing
Assignment 1.5 Nondisjunction and Karyotypes

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1734 Biology 40S M2: Mechanisms of Inheritance

Do you love the smell of homemade bread? Do you enjoy making bread yourself? Of the many types of breads that can be made using various recipes and techniques, some are yeast breads. These breads rise because of the presence of yeast, an important ingredient familiar to bread makers all over the world.

How does yeast work to make bread rise? Yeast breads rise because of the presence of microscopic yeast cells in the bread dough that generate tiny bubbles of gas as they grow. The warm water and nutrients with which the yeast cells are combined provide what the microscopic cells need to grow.

In Module 1 of this course, you gained an understanding of biological inheritance. In Module 2, you will learn how biological inheritance works. You will discover how genes cause traits to appear. The link between genotype and phenotype is one of the most amazing connections in biology. Also, you will see how a change in genotype, a mutation, can cause a change in phenotype. In the previous module, it was possible for you to learn about biological inheritance without understanding the mechanisms that explain how it occurs. In this module, your goal will be to understand the underlying mechanisms of inheritance.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 The Discovery of DNA
Assignment 2.2 The Structure of DNA
Assignment 2.3 Replication, Transcription, and Translation
Assignment 2.4 Genetic Mutations
Assignment 2.5 Applications of Genetic Knowledge

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1735 Biology 40S M3: Evolutionary Theory and Biodiversity

About 1000 kilometres west of Ecuador, South America, a group of volcanic islands, called the Galapagos Islands, forms an archipelago that lies on the equator. This archipelago is made up of 16 main islands, six smaller islands, and 10 islets. These tropical islands display an amazing amount of biological diversity. At one time, the Galapagos Islands were called the Enchanted Islands, both because of their beauty and because of the strong currents surrounding them that made navigation difficult.

This chain of islands is famous for a number of reasons, including the remarkably high number of species found only on the Galapagos. Particularly amazing is the bird life found on these tiny islands separated by about 1000 kilometres from the mainland. Only two types of land birds are found on the Galapagos: finches and mockingbirds. In all, about 13 species of finches and four species of mockingbirds are found on the islands, none of which is found anywhere else in the world—including Ecuador itself.

The finch species found on the Galapagos have an amazing pattern of adaptation. Each of the endemic species of finches has distinct physical features that allow the finches to eat a very specific type of food. Their beaks have distinct and specialized shapes that can be linked to their food choices. One finch, the sharp-beaked ground finch, sucks blood from its source of food. Another, the woodpecker finch, uses twigs to pull insects out of tree trunks and branches. Some of the finch species eat seeds, while others eat insects.

Many questions arise from this information. Why are no mainland bird species, other than those able to fly long distances, found on the islands? Why are the bird species that are endemic to the islands not found on the mainland? Why are so many kinds of finches found on the Galapagos? Since the islands are volcanic, they have never been joined to the mainland, so how did the finches get there in the first place?

These questions, among many others, fascinated a young explorer named Charles Darwin in the mid-1800s. You will learn about his famous voyage to the Galapagos Islands and about some of his conclusions regarding the biological diversity he found on the islands. Darwin not only established the foundation for recognizing evolution as a reality in the biological world, but he also explained a mechanism for how evolution could proceed: natural selection.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Science and Evolution
Assignment 3.2 Theories of Evolutionary Change
Assignment 3.3 Adaptation
Assignment 3.4 Population Genetics
Assignment 3.5 Evolution and Speciation

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1736 Biology 40S M4: Organizing Biodiversity

In this module, you will study probability. You may already know that the chances of winning or losing money when gambling (which includes buying lottery tickets) are based on probabilities. You should also know that probabilities are used to determine

  • insurance costs (Autopac, fire insurance, life insurance …)
  • many business decisions
  • medical procedures
  • decisions in education (which courses are the best ones to take)
  • weather forecasting

Is a bird more closely related to a lizard than to a dragonfly? Are mushrooms correctly called plants? Are bacteria really living organisms?

Early in Module 3 of this course, you learned about how evolution has led, over time, to the incredible biodiversity that exists on Earth. You studied the genetic connection to help you understand how change occurs, over time, in populations of organisms. You learned about natural selection, the mechanism of evolutionary change suggested by Charles Darwin. And you saw how selective pressures in the environment can cause genetic change in populations of organisms in nature.

In Module 4, you will study the biodiversity present on Earth. You will also learn about human efforts to organize living things into groups, an effort that shows us how organisms are related and increases our understanding of the natural world. Classification schemes used in biology have changed and continue to change as scientific knowledge grows.

Scientists have identified about two million species of living things on Earth. It has been estimated that the actual number of species on Earth may be as high as between five million and 30 million species. In an effort to understand this incredible diversity of life, scientists study evolutionary connections and try to classify organisms into meaningful groups.

So, is a bird more closely related to a lizard than to a dragonfly? You can find out by studying the biodiversity of life on Earth.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Biodiversity
Assignment 4.2 North American Bear Species
Assignment 4.3 Systems of Classification
Assignment 4.4 The Three Domains of Life
Assignment 4.5 Evolutionary Trends

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1737 Biology 40S M5: Conservation of Biodiversity

In the previous modules of this course, you have studied many topics related to genetics, evolution, and biodiversity. You have learned about natural selection, the mechanism of evolution. You have also learned a great deal about how scientists organize living things into groups based on life history, anatomy, and physiology. In studying these topics, you have gained a rich understanding of the biological world.

Human beings are animals and belong to the natural world, and yet we have unique abilities and motivations that allow us to cause dramatic change in the natural world. In this module, you will learn more about the choices human beings have and the choices we make in terms of how we use and affect living organisms and ecosystems. In Lesson 1, you will consider various reasons for maintaining biodiversity on our planet. In Lesson 2, you will learn more about strategies that can be used to conserve biodiversity. Lesson 3 will investigate methods that scientists use to monitor biodiversity. Finally, in Lesson 4, you will examine various issues related to the conservation of biodiversity.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 5.1 Viewpoints on Maintaining Biodiversity
Assignment 5.2 Sustainability of the Boreal Forest
Assignment 5.3 Mark and Recapture Sampling
Assignment 5.4 An Environmental Issue in Manitoba (Research Paper)

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

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Chemistry

Chemistry 30S

Class # 1783 Chemistry 30S M1: Physical Properties of Matter

In this module, you will learn about the four states of matter and how to describe the size, motion, and energy of particles in each. You will revisitphase changes and find out how particles behave during these changes, as well as the role kinetic energy plays in the process. Next, you will focus specifically on one phase change, vaporation, and variables that affect the vapour pressure created by this process. Finally, you will put your graphing skills to use when you learn how to plot and interpret a Vapour Pressure Curve.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Substance Investigation
Assignment 1.2 Properties of Gases, Liquids, and Solids
Assignment 1.3 Dynamic Equilibrium and Phase Changes
Assignment 1.4 Vapour Pressure Problems
Assignment 1.5 Analyzing a Vapour Pressure Graph

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1784 Chemistry 30S M2: Gases and the Atmosphere

Most likely you have heard of natural gas, but you may be unfamiliar with its uses and where it comes from. You will begin this module by learning more about naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere and how their abundances have changed over time. This is directly tied in to air quality, an important issue about which you may already be aware. You will spend some time investigating ways air quality can be improved.

Next, you will spend the bulk of this module learning about four gas laws: Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, Gay-Lussac’s Law, and the Combined Gas Law. In doing so, you will investigate the relationship between the following, asthey relate to gases:

  • Volume and Pressure
  • Temperature and Volume
  • Temperature and Pressure
  • A Combination of the Above Relationships

You will end this module by applying what you have learned, by identifying gas laws at work in everyday situations.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Air Quality Improvement Research
Assignment 2.2 Determining Significant Digits
Assignment 2.3 Solving Problems with Boyle's Law
Assignment 2.4 Investigating the Temperature-Volue Relationship
Assignment 2.5 Solving Problems with Charles' Law
Assignment 2.6 Investigating the Temperature-Pressure Relationship
Assignment 2.7 Problem Solving wiht Gay-Lussac's Law
Assignment 2.8 Problem Solving with the Combined Gas Law

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1785 Chemistry 30S M3: Chemical Reactions

Did you know that there are three different forms of hydrogen? These different variations of atoms of the same element are called isotopes, and you will learn about where they are found in the world around you.

Next, you will learn how to write names and formulas for polyatomic compounds. This will set the stage for the next step—writing and balancing chemical equations. You will see how a balanced chemical equation is actually very similar to a recipe for making your favourite cake!

Moving on through the module, you will discover that a “mole” is not just a small, furry mammal. In fact, the mole is the scientific unit that relates the number of particles in a sample to its mass and is an essential tool in chemistry. Finally, you will use the mole to solve problems involving balanced chemical equations.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Working with Isotopes
Assignment 3.2 Working with Chemical Compounds
Assignment 3.3 Determining Formula Mass
Assignment 3.4 Classifying and Balancing Equations
Assignment 3.5 Reaction Types
Assignment 3.6 Calculating Molar Mass
Assignment 3.7 Determining the Volume of a Gas
Assignment 3.8 Converting between Mass, Moles, and Number of Particles
Assignment 3.9 Determining Empirical and Molecular Formulas from Percent Composition

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1786 Chemistry 30S M4: Stoichiometry

In the last module, you learned how to write and balance chemical equations. Now you will use that knowledge to interpret chemical reactions and ultimately predict the amount of products that result from a reaction. One type of problem you will learn to solve involves the limiting factor, a reactant that limits the amount of product that can be formed. Think of making sandwiches with a limited amount of bread. You can only make four sandwiches with eight bread slices, regardless of the fact you might have 16 slices of cheese. You will end this module by exploring the importance of using balanced chemical equations in industry.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Interpreting a Balanced Equation
Assignment 4.2 Using the Molar Ratio
Assignment 4.3 Converting between Volume and Mass
Assignment 4.4 Solving Limiting Reactant Problems
Assignment 4.5 Limiting Reactant Investigation
Assignment 4.6 Stoichiometry Applications

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1787 Chemistry 30S M5: Solutions

Is hair gel a solution? What about whipping cream? For now, you will have to wait to find out the answer to these questions, as you learn about mixtures, colloids, and the nine types of solutions in this module. Once you have been introduced to the different types of solutions, you will be introduced to the solution process. You may be surprised to know that not every substance dissolves in the same way! You will also discover that solubility is directly affected by temperature.

Next, you will learn about the concentration of a solution and the different ways that concentration can be expressed. You probably already know that drink crystals mixed with very little water form a concentrated solution, while adding lots of water, makes the drink taste diluted.

Toward the end of the module you will have the opportunity to explore the properties of some solutions that you use at home, work, and school.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assingment 5.1 Properties of Solutions
Assingment 5.2 The Solution Process
Assingment 5.3 Solubility of Polar and Non-Polar Substances
Assingment 5.4 Interpreting a Soulbility Curve
Assingment 5.5 Calculating Solubility
Assingment 5.6 Lab Activity: The Effect of Salt on the Melting of Ice
Assingment 5.7 Calculations Involving Concentration
Assingment 5.8 Determining the Concentration of a Solution
Assingment 5.9 Solving Dilution Problems

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1788 Chemistry 30S M6: Organic Chemistry

How are fossils and chemistry related? In this module, you will answer that question and many others related to organic chemistry. What does the term organic mean? What are some sources of hydrocarbons?

Next, you will learn how to name, draw, and construct the structural formulae for many groups of hydrocarbons. Your friends will be impressed when you can name the acid that makes an ant bite sting!

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 6.1 Origins and Major Sources of Hydrocarbons
Assignment 6.2 Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Assignment 6.3 Naming and Drawing Alkanes
Assignment 6.4 Alkane Isomers
Assignment 6.5 Naming and Drawing Alkenes
Assignment 6.6 Naminng and Drawing Alkynes
Assignment 6.7 Reasearching an Aromatic Compound
Assignment 6.8 Naming and Drawing Alcohols
Assignment 6.9 Drawing Carboxylic Acids
Assignment 6.10 Naming and Drawing Esters
Assignment 6.11 Chemistry and Our Quality of Life
Assignment 6.12 Investigating an Issue in Organic Chemistry

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Chemistry 40S

Class # 1738 Chemistry 40S M1: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Water is essential to life on Earth. More than two-thirds of Earth’s surface is water. In terms of weight, the cells in our bodies contain between 65% and 90% water. Many of life’s reactions occur in water: they are aqueous. In this module, you will study three types of aqueous reactions: precipitation reactions, neutralization reactions, and oxidation-reduction reactions.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Solubility and Precipitation
Assignment 1.2 LPredicting Precipitate Formation
Assignment 1.3 Writing Balanced Neutralization Reactions
Assignment 1.4 Stoichiometry of Neutralization
Assignment 1.5 Neutralization Calculations
Assignment 1.6 Oxidation Numbers
Assignment 1.7 Interpreting Redox Reactions
Assignment 1.8 Balanxing Redox Reactions

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1739 Chemistry 40S M2: Atomic Structure

The chemical properties of atoms are determined by their structure, more specifically by the arrangement of their electrons. In previous science courses, you learned about the structure of the atom, including the location of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Models such as the Bohr model do not sufficiently describe the observed properties of atoms. In this module, you will further examine the structure of atoms and relate their structure to their chemical properties.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Applications of Line Spectra
Assignment 2.2 Electron Configuration
Assignment 2.3 Valence Electrons
Assignment 2.4 Periodic Trends

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1740 Chemistry 40S M3: Chemical Kinetics

Chemistry focuses largely on chemical reactions. Some reactions, such as rusting, occur very slowly, while others, such as explosions, occur very quickly. Kinetics is the branch of chemistry that studies the speed, or rate, at which chemical reactions occur. Many chemical reactions occur in more than one step. In this study of kinetics, you will learn about the steps, or the mechanism, of a chemical reaction. It is important for chemists to understand the mechanism of a reaction and the factors that affect its rate. With this knowledge, chemists can control a chemical reaction in order to maximize the manufacturing of commercial products.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Reaction Rate
Assignment 3.2 Collision Theory and Reaction Rate
Assignment 3.3 Potential Energy Diagrams
Assignment 3.4 Reaction Mechanisms
Assignment 3.5 Rate and Order

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1741 Chemistry 40S M4: Chemical Equilibrium

So far, you have assumed that reactions proceed from reactants to products as indicated by balanced molecular equations. Very few reactions actually proceed to completion. Many reactions actually proceed in both directions, left to right and right to left. At equilibrium, the concentration of both reactants and products remains constant because the forward and reverse reactions are occurring at the same rate.

In this module, you will examine why and when equilibrium exists, as well as the concentrations of products and reactants at equilibrium. You will also determine whether or not a system is at equilibrium and, if not, predict what the system will do to attain equilibrium.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Dynamic Equilibrium
Assignment 4.2 Writing Equilibrium Law
Assignment 4.3 Solving Keq Problems
Assignment 4.4 Le Châtelier's Principle
Assignment 4.5 Interpreting a Concentration-versus-Time Graph
Assignment 4.6 The Haber Process
Assignment 4.7 working with Solubility Product Constant
Assignment 4.8 Kidney Stones

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1742 Chemistry 40S M5: Acids and Bases

Acids and bases are two important classes of chemical compounds. You encounter acids and bases every day in foods and items such as personal care products (for example, soap and toothpaste), medications, and many others. In addition, acids and bases are very important to the manufacturing industry in the production of dyes and textiles, paper, polymers, and fertilizers, just to name a few.

There are acids and bases at work in your body too. For example, body systems are very sensitive to the acidity of your blood. Your stomach secretes hydrochloric acid to aid in digestion. You might occasionally take an antacid to control the amount of acid in your stomach.

Acids and bases play a large part in our everyday lives. In this module, you will define acids and bases and study acid-base reactions.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 5.1 Acid-Base Theories
Assignment 5.2 Identifying Conjugate Pairs
Assignment 5.3 Solving Kw Problems
Assignment 5.4 Solving pH Problems
Assignment 5.5 Acid and Base Equilibrium
Assignment 5.6 pH and Percent Dissociation
Assignment 5.7 Titration Curves
Assignment 5.8 Acid-Base Predictions

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1743 Chemistry 40S M6: Electrochemistry

As the reliance on hydrocarbons for sources of energy becomes less, the need for alternative energy sources will become greater. Electrochemistry will play a large role in the search for alternative energy sources.

Many chemical reactions between metals and aqueous solutions will produce energy. This is known as an electrochemical cell, and it allows us to make batteries. You will have an opportunity, in this unit, to construct a battery made of lemons, copper pennies, and a galvanized nail. This will allow you to see a chemical reaction produce electricity.

There are other applications in the real world in which electrochemistry plays a part. Precious metals like gold and silver are often plated onto less expensive metals for protection from oxidation.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 6.1 Predicting Spontaneity
Assignment 6.2 History of the Voltaic Cell
Assignment 6.3 The Functioning Voltaic Cell
Assignment 6.4 Calculating Standard Reduction Potentials
Assignment 6.5 Electroplating
Assignment 6.6 Using Faraday's Law

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

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Physics

Physics 30S

Class # 1789 Physics 30S M1: Kinematics

Welcome to the first module of Grade 11 Physics. The first lesson of this module is an introduction to physics. In Lesson 2, you will be working with vectors, scalars, and significant figures. In the third lesson, you will learn about terms for describing motion. Lesson 4 deals with the position-time graph and velocity. In Lesson 5, you will analyze velocity-time graphs using slope. In Lesson 6, you will analyze motion graphs using area. In Lesson 7, you will derive equations for motion involving uniformly accelerated motion. The final lesson deals with solving problems dealing with constant velocity and acceleration.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1, Part A Symbolic Mode
Assignment 1.1, Part B Significant Digits
Assignment 1.1, Part C Scalars and Vectors
Assignment 1.1, Part D Position-Time Graph 1
Assignment 1.2 Video Laboratory Activity: Kinematics
Assignment 1.3, Part A Acceleration-Time Graph
Assignment 1.3, Part B Position-Time Graph 2
There are no assignments in Lesson 7.
Assignment 1.3, Part C Constant Velocity and Acceleration

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1790 Physics 30S M2: Vectors

Welcome to Module 2. The purpose of this module is to develop the skills necessary for working with quantities that are vectors. In physics, it is very important to distinguish between vector quantities and scalar quantities. It turns out that when working with scalars, 2 + 2 is always equal to 4. However, when working with vectors, 2 + 2 is sometimes equal to 4. We may also find that 2 + 2 = 3 or 2 + 2 = 2 or 2 +2 = 1 or 2 + 2 = 0.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1, Part A Drawing Vectors
Assignment 2.1, Part B Sketching Vectors
Assignment 2.1, Part C Adding Vectors
Assignment 2.2 Vector Journey

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1791 Physics 30S M3: Dynamics

Welcome to Module 3. In the first module, we began our study of mechanics by learning the principles of kinematics—a description of motion itself. In this module, we continue our investigation of mechanics with a discussion of dynamics—the second part of mechanics. In dynamics, we do not stop at describing motion; we attempt to explain why the motion occurs the way it does. This involves understanding the forces that act on objects.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
There are no assignments in Lesson 1.
There are no assignments in Lesson 2.
Assignment 3.1 Video Laboratory Activity: Dynamics
Assignment 3.2, Part A Free-Body Diagrams
Assignment 3.2, Part B Dynamics and Kinematics
Assignment 3.2, Part C The Vector Nature of Newton's Second Law

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1792 Physics 30S M4: Gravitational Fields

In this module, we will learn what is meant by the term “field,” diagram various kinds of fields, and work with them mathematically. We begin with a study of a familiar type of field: gravitational. The second type of field we will see is the electric field, which is created by electric charge. In particular, we will study electric fields caused by single charges, by combinations of more than one charge, as well as by electrically charged sheets. We will apply much of what we learned about vector addition, kinematics, and dynamics to electric fields. Finally, we will turn to magnetism and electromagnetism and learn the basics of what is meant by the “poles” of a magnet. We will also see what the magnetic field looks like for a single magnet and for combinations of magnets, and study the Domain Theory of Magnetism. The module ends with electromagnetism—the bringing together of the ideas of electric and magnetic effects. Here, we will discuss the fundamental connections between electricity and magnetism.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1, Part A Gravitational Fields
Assignment 4.1, Part B Mass, Weight, and Weightlessness
Assignment 4.2 Laboratory Activity: Determining Acceleration Due to Gravity
Assignment 4.3, Part A Free Fall
There is no assignment for this lesson.
Assignment 4.3, Part B Friction

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Class # 1793 Physics 30S M5: Electric Fields

In Module 4, we began our study of fields by looking at gravitational fields. In this module, we study electric fields. Electric fields are created by electric charges, and the fields created by these charges cause other charges to be influenced by them.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 5.1 Electric Fields
Assignment 5.2, Part A Calculating Electric Field and Electric Force
Assignment 5.2, Part B The Parallel Plate Apparatus
Assignment 5.2, Part C The Millikan Drop Experiment

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Class # 1794 Physics 30S M6: Magnetic Fields and Electromagnetism

In the previous two modules, we studied gravitational and electric fields. In this module, we study magnetic fields. Magnetic effects have been known to man since ancient times when natural magnets called lodestones were found to cling to iron tools. Lodestone has iron ore in it and it occurs in many parts of the world. The word “magnet” comes from the Greek word “magnes” which probably derives from the ancient colony of Magnesia where the ore was mined 2500 years ago.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 6.1, Part A Magnetic Fields
Assignment 6.1, Part B The Earth's Magnetic Field
Assignment 6.1, Part C Electromagnetism
Assignment 6.2 Video Laboratory Activity: The Tangent Galvanometer
Assignment 6.3 Video Laboratory Activity: The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid (Current Balance)
Assignment 6.4 Forces on Currents in a Magnetic Field
There are no assignments in Lesson 6.

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Class # 1795 Physics 30S M7: Waves in One Dimension

In this module, we begin our study of waves with a study of waves in one dimension. We will investigate the basic properties of waves. An understanding of these properties will enable us to analyze the behaviour of all phenomena we call waves whether they are mechanical waves that require a medium to travel through (sound, water waves), or waves that can travel through a vacuum (radio waves, microwaves, light).

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 7.1, Part A Transverse Waves and Longitudinal Waves
Assignment 7.1, Part B Reflection and Transmission of Waves in One Dimension
Assignment 7.1, Part C Wave Interference and Standing Waves in One Dimension
Assignment 7.1, Part D Resonant Frequency and Harmonies

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Class # 1796 Physics 30S M8: Waves in Two Dimensions

We began our study of waves in the previous module by considering waves in one dimension. In this module, we study waves in two dimensions. We commonly see this in water waves.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 8.1 Waves in Two Dimensions - Reflection
Assignment 8.2 Video Laboratory Activity: Snell's Law
Assignment 8.3, Part A Waves in Two Dimensions - Refraction
Assignment 8.3, Part B Waves in Two Dimensions - Diffraction
Assignment 8.3, Part C Waves in Two Dimensions - Interference
There are no assignments in Lesson 5.

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1797 Physics 30S M9: Sound

In this module, we will study sound. You have already learned about the characteristics of one-dimensional and two-dimensional waves in the previous two modules. We will extend this study to sound.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 9.1, Part A The Nature of Sound
Assignment 9.1, Part B Beats and Resonance
Assignment 9.1, Part C The Doppler Effect
Assignment 9.2 Video Laboratory Activity: Resonance and the Speed of Sound
Assignment 9.3 Music and Noise

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Class # 1798 Physics 30S M10: Models, Laws, and Theories, and the Nature of Light

In our previous work dealing with waves in one dimension, waves in two dimensions, and sound, we described wave behaviour by using models such as waves on a rope or spring or water waves. These models help us to visualize the behaviour of these waves. In this module, we will study models, laws, and theories, and then extend these ideas to the historical confrontation between the wave and particle models of light.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 10.1 The Scientific Method, Laws, Theories, and Models
Assignment 10.2 Video Laboratory Activity: The Particle Model of Light
Assignment 10.3, Part A The Nature of Light and Newton's Corpuscular Theory
Assignment 10.3, Part B Determining the Speed of Light
Assignment 10.3, Part C Wave Theory of Light
Assignment 10.3, Part D Young's Experiment
Assignment 10.4 The Photoelectric Effect and Wave-Particle Duality

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Physics 40S

Class # 1744 Physics 40S M1: Kinematics

Welcome to the first module of Grade 12 Physics.

This first module introduces this Independent Study Option (ISO) course and provides some of the information you will require to complete it successfully. The study of kinematics will tap into your prior knowledge by linking concepts you have already studied to some new ideas and applications. Kinematics refers to the study of motion. You will be building on the knowledge of motion you acquired from previous science courses.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 1.1 Equations of Motion
Assignment 1.2 Relative Motion

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Class # 1745 Physics 40S M2: Dynamics

In the previous module, we studied kinematics, which is a description of how objects move. In this module, we study dynamics, which deals with why objects move as they do. In studying dynamics, it is necessary to consider how forces affect the movement of objects. Once forces are taken into account, it is possible to describe motion in a much more realistic manner.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 2.1 Forces of Friction and Motion
Assignment 2.2 Adding Vectors Using the Component Method
Assignment 2.3 Video Laboratory Activity: Forces in Equilibrium
Assignment 2.4 Objects in Equilibrium
Assignment 2.5 Forces Acting at an Angle

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1746 Physics 40S M3: Projectiles and Circular Motion

In kinematics, you dealt with motion along the straight line—that is, motion in one dimension. In dynamics, you studied forces, which are the causes of motion. In this module, we will extend these ideas about motion and forces into two dimensions. We will consider the curved motion of an object as it flies through the air near Earth’s surface, and the motion of objects that travel in circles.

In the first part of this module, we deal with a special case of motion in both one dimension and two dimensions. That motion is projectile motion. We begin with projectile motion in one dimension, and then discuss motion in two dimensions. It was probably Galileo who was the first to understand that two-dimensional projectile motion could be understood by considering the horizontal component and the vertical component of the motions separately.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 3.1 Vertical Motion of a Bullet
Assignment 3.2 Vector Nature of Projectile Motion
Assignment 3.3 Projectile Motion of a Cannonball
Assignment 3.4 Video Laboratory Activity: Circular Motion
Assignment 3.5 Circular Motion of the Moon
Assignment 3.6 Uniform Circular Motion of a Satellite

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Class # 1747 Physics 40S M4: Work and Energy

Up until now, our study of mechanics has been based largely on Newtonian ideas in mechanics. These ideas by Isaac Newton (1642–1727) were unrivalled for over a hundred years. By the beginning of the 1800s, a powerful alternative, based on the ideas of energy, was taking place. The concept of energy is a very wide one, influencing our thinking about every branch of physics, but in this module it will be applied specifically to our study of mechanics.

Over the centuries, the word energy has had different meanings. The word is derived from the Greek en (which means in) and ergon (which means work). Energy in a very general sense can be defined as the capacity to do work. The word has been used in this way since the late 1500s. Galileo (1638) employed the term l’energia, though he never defined it. Only in the last 200 years has the idea taken on a scientific meaning.

Energy is a property of matter and is observed indirectly through changes in speed, mass, position, and so on. There is no universal energy meter that measures energy directly. The change in energy of a system is a measure of a physical change in the system. It is through this physical change that we can measure the change in energy of the system. A force may be the cause of the change, and energy is a measure of the change.

This module will, therefore, allow us to extend our knowledge of forces and examine mechanics in a new way through the study of the principles of work and energy. As we will see later, in a given system energy is conserved—that is, it remains constant. That such quantities are conserved not only gives us a deeper insight into the nature of the world, but also gives us another way to attack practical problems.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 4.1 Calculating Work
Assignment 4.2 Work and Kinetic Energy
Assignment 4.3 Conservation of Mechanical Energy in a Roller Coaster
Assignment 4.4 Video Laboratory Activity: Hooke's Law
Assignment 4.5 Spring Potential Energy

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Class # 1748 Physics 40S M5: Momentum

In the 20th century, scientists learned that momentum is one of the premier notions of physics. When there are no external forces acting on a system, its momentum remains unchanged and we have one of the great conservation laws of physics, the law of conservation of linear momentum. It can even be argued that Newton’s laws are the result of the conservation of momentum.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 5.1 Calculating Impulse, Momentum, and Force
Assignment 5.2 Conservation of Linear Momentum
Assignment 5.3 Video Laboratory Activity: A Collision in Two Dimensions

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Class # 1749 Physics 40S M6: Exploration of Space and Low Earth Orbit

Module 6 is the first of two modules dealing specifically with the study of fields. It will deal with the “why” and the “how” of space exploration. What does it take to put an astronaut into space? What do astronauts experience as they travel into space? What must be done to safely bring them back to Earth?

You have grown up with satellites circling Earth. These satellites have many uses. They allow you to talk by telephone to someone overseas, or to locate your position on Earth’s surface to within a few metres. You have grown up in a time when astronauts routinely travel from Earth to space. These events can occur only because of the work of some great scientific minds. The work of scientists who lived three and four centuries ago forms the basis for space travel.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 6.1 Making a Decision
Assignment 6.2 Working with Kepler's Laws
Assignment 6.3 Newton's Universal Law of Gravity
Assignment 6.4 The Different Energies of a Satellite of Earth
Assignment 6.5 A Satellite of Jupiter
Assignment 6.6 Space Travel: Problems and Some Possible Solutions

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Class # 1750 PPhysics 40S M7: Electric and Magnetic Fields

Electric fields and magnetic fields are everywhere around us. By understanding their properties, we are able to put these fields to work in a myriad of ways, from doorbells to microprocessors. By understanding the behaviour of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields, we can build devices that work as if by magic. Have you ever wondered why, by simply flipping a switch, you are able to flood a room with light or keep it warm in winter or cool in summer? A starting point to your understanding the answer to this question lies in your comprehension of electric and magnetic fields.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 7.1 Coulomb's Law
Assignment 7.2 Video Laboratory Activity: Coulomb's Law
Assignment 7.3 Coulomb's Law in Two Dimensions
Assignment 7.4 Electric Field between the Plates of a Parallel Plate Capacitor
Assignment 7.5 The Charged Parallel Plate Capacitor
Assignment 7.6 Energy Relationships in the Parallel Plate Capacitor
Assignment 7.7 The Motion of Charges Moving through a Parallel Plate Capacitor
Assignment 7.8 Moving Charges and Magnetic Forces
Assignment 7.9 Mass Spectrometer

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Class # 1751 Physics 40S M8: Electric Circuits

The previous module discussed the energy interactions for charges at certain positions within an electric field. While it is useful and necessary to understand the underlying principles of why charges move within an electric field, we are also interested in the practical application of these concepts. This module addresses the question “What happens in an electrical circuit where charges are free to move around a closed pathway?” You will investigate the rules that govern the quantities of charge that move, as well as the energy that these charges carry.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 8.1 Circuits: Current, Charge, and EMF
Assignment 8.2 Electric Circuits
Assignment 8.3 Developing a Good Scientific Theory
Assignment 8.4 Video Laboratory Activity: Ohm's Law
Assignment 8.5 Ohm's Law
Assignment 8.6 Analyzing a Parallel Circuit
Assignment 8.7 Analyzing a Network Circuit

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

Class # 1752 Physics 40S M9: Electromagnetic Induction

When most singers perform, they most likely use a microphone. Many microphones use magnetism and the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. Understanding electromagnetic induction is what this module is about.

In earlier work, we learned that an electric current produces a magnetic field, and that a magnetic field exerts a force on an electric current or a moving electric charge. These discoveries were made in the 1820s. Scientists began to wonder that if electric currents produce a magnetic field, then would it be possible for a magnetic field to produce an electric current. Ten years later, the American Joseph Henry (1797–1878) and the Englishman Michael Faraday (1791–1867) independently found that this was possible. It was actually Henry who made the discovery first, but Faraday published his results earlier and investigated the subject in more detail. In our study of electromagnetic induction, we will review some of Faraday’s work and some of the world-changing applications of electromagnetic induction.

We take electricity for granted. Perhaps after studying this module you will pause for a second or two after flicking a switch to turn on the lights or to turn on the television to consider where this wonderful thing we call electricity comes from and how it got here. Since Manitoba has an abundance of hydroelectric generating capacity you should as a citizen of Manitoba understand the processes involved in generating and distributing electricity so that you can make informed decisions about future development of thishydroelectric generating capacity.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 9.1 Inducing EMF in a Moving Rod
Assignment 9.2 Magnetic Flux
Assignment 9.3 Applying Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law
Assignment 9.4 A Bicycle Generator
Assignment 9.5 Transformers and Electricity Transmission

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Class # 1753 Physics 40S M10: Medical Physics

The final module for Grade 12 Physics discusses radioactivity and the application of radiation and the related concepts of physics to the field of medicine. The ideas of physics are paramount in the design and construction or engineering of machines that are used to detect problems within the body by helping physicians to peer inside the body and to treat conditions without the trauma of extensive surgery. Since all of us will, at one time or another, be scanned or probed or treated with the aid of these machines, it is important to understand how they function.

Assignment Number Assignment Title
Assignment 10.1 Describing the Nuclear Atom
Assignment 10.2 Mass Defect and Binding Energy of Boron
Assignment 10.3 Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiation
Assignment 10.4 Video Laboratory Activity: Half-Life Simulation
Assignment 10.5 Rate of Radioactive Decay and Medical Treatment
Assignment 10.6 Positive Effects of Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation
Assignment 10.7 Medical Use of Ultrasound and Electromagnetic Radiation
Assignment 10.8 Medical Diagnosis and Treatment Using Nuclear Medicine

  – For Manitoba Teachers/Schools Only

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