Curriculum Information for Parents
FRENCH IMMERSION PROGRAM
GRADE 8

In the French Immersion Program, students are encouraged to participate in daily classroom activities in French to learn the language as well as the knowledge, skills, and attitudes pertaining to the different subject areas. Expectations increase as students progress in the program.

In all grades, students develop skills in literacy and communication, working with others, solving problems, and using technology.

 

Arts Education

The Arts plastiques [visual arts] and Éducation musicale [music] programs enable students to develop a variety of artistic knowledge, skills and attitudes.

Music

By the end of Grade 8, students should be able to

  • identify the form and period of a work heard;
  • read short scores and transcribe musical excerpts;
  • handle and play an instrument with agility and ease;
  • accurately reproduce passages of music, respect technical rules;
  • interpret music with an emphasis on phrasing, expression and certain aspects of the piece;
  • freely improvise accompaniment to a work heard and an answer to a musical question;
  • examine the influence of music on society.

Visual Arts

The Visual Arts program allows Kindergarten to Grade 8 students to express their ideas through images and then respond to them. Students also respond to other students' images as well as those of artists.

In making their images, students work with different themes in order to observe different aspects of the world around them, and to acquire:

    • gestures related to different techniques (drawing, painting, collage, engraving, printing and sculpture) and
    • structural elements of form (dot, line, texture, colours and volume) as well as spatial organization.

Visual art techniques and language explored from Grade 4 to Grade 8 are basically the same, but the materials and the processes used become more complex over the years. For example, engraving on Styrofoam, on plaster, and on aluminium will be introduced.

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English LA-Immersion

Through the study of English LA-Immersion, students learn to understand, appreciate, and use language in everyday life. Students learn to listen, speak, read, write, view, and represent at different times and in different ways. Classroom learning reflects "everyday" experiences where students learn to choose and use appropriate materials for real purposes.

In Grade 8, students

  • assess their own points of view during respectful discussions with others, and independently reflect on their language learning;

    for example: listening actively; sharing perspectives and conclusions; appreciating others' ideas; disagreeing politely; paraphrasing and asking in-depth questions to clarify ideas; correcting misconceptions; assimilating information; providing feedback; celebrating success; identifying areas that require improvement; and following through

  • compare how they understand what they are reading, seeing, and hearing;

    for example: summarizing main ideas; and understanding the meaning of specialized and technical vocabulary

  • describe and respond to different ways writers use language;

    for example: experiencing different kinds of expression such as magazine articles, diaries, drama, advertisements, commercials, and rock videos

  • do research in a variety of ways and choose appropriate information sources when seeking answers to their questions;
  • experiment with more sophisticated ways to communicate ideas, depending upon their audience and purpose, through written, oral, and visual presentations;

    for example: presenting mini-lessons, role-plays, impersonations, panel discussions, debates, dramatizations, and speeches; creating collages and timelines; writing biographies, letters to the editor, and newspaper articles; and preparing audiovisual presentations and documentary videos

  • use a variety of skills and strategies to revise and edit their work;

    for example: using several kinds of sentences that appeal to the audience; writing effective descriptions; and applying rules for spelling, capitalizing, and punctuating

  • work co-operatively to maintain group harmony, evaluate their own contributions and the group's effectiveness, and set goals for improvement;

    for example: comparing reactions; adjusting perceptions; discussing responsibility; resolving conflicts and negotiating; and being assertive in acceptable ways.

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Français langue seconde - immersion

The students will develop their language skills by listening, speaking, reading, writing, and showing a positive attitude towards learning French.

In Grade 8, students will be able to understand, interpret and respond to a variety of oral and written messages by:

  • differentiating between facts, opinions and hypotheses;
  • recognizing main ideas, writer's point of view;
  • identifying poetic techniques such as rhythm, repetition, imagery, comparison, personification;
  • explaining the relationship between illustration and text in comic strips;
  • naming and using comprehension strategies.

They will be able to generate, create and express ideas in a variety of ways such as:

  • role playing;
  • planning and developing a group project using appropriate techniques;
  • offering solutions to a problem;
  • writing a text to inform using facts;
  • revising, enhancing the text, and editing using different strategies and types of resources.

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Mathematics

From Kindergarten to Grade 12, students use seven critical processes to build their understanding of mathematics and to support lifelong learning:

  • Communication—showing learning orally, through diagrams, and in writing.
  • Connections—making connections among everyday situations, other subject areas, and mathematics concepts.
  • Estimation/Mental Mathematics—developing understanding of numbers and quantities.
  • Problem Solving—investigating problems, including those with multiple solutions.
  • Reasoning—justifying thinking.
  • Technology—using technology to enhance problem solving and encourage discovery of number patterns.
  • Visualization—drawing on mental images to clarify concepts.

Grade 8 students:

Patterns and Relations
  • Solve problems using patterns, unknowns, algebraic expressions, and graphs.
  • Solve and verify two-step linear equations.
Statistics and Probability
  • Develop and use a plan to collect and display data, using technology.
  • Analyze the effect of changes in data.
  • Compare theoretical and experimental probability of independent events.
Shape and Space
  • Generalize relationships in measurement.
  • Solve problems involving area, perimeter, surface area, and volume.
  • Link angle measures and parallel lines to the classification of four-sided shapes.
  • Create and analyze patterns in designs and architecture.
  • Solve problems using proportion, scale, and networks.
Number
  • Demonstrate a number sense for decimals, fractions, integers, and whole numbers.
  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions to solve problems.
  • Use rates, ratios, percentages, and proportion to solve problems.

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Physical Education/Health Education

In the combined physical education/health education curriculum, students from Kindergarten to Grade 12 develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes for leading physically active and healthy lifestyles. The curriculum content highlighted for each grade is organized within five general learning outcomes (GLOs), which are the same for each grade.

General Learning Outcomes (GLOs) Content Highlights
1. Movement
The student will demonstrate competency in selected movement skills and knowledge of movement development and physical activities with respect to different types of learning experiences, environments, and cultures. Grade 8 students:
  • Show an understanding of concepts, rules, terms, ethics, and skill/technique in a variety of physical activities, including net/wall games (e.g., badminton, volleyball) and target games (e.g., bowling, curling).
  • Apply selected movement skills in a variety of physical activities related to sports/games, outdoor pursuits, and rhythmic/gymnastic activities.
2. Fitness Management
The student will demonstrate the ability to develop and follow a personal fitness plan for lifelong physical activity and well-being. Grade 8 students:
  • Show an understanding of the health-related fitness components, the effects of exercise, the principles of training, the design of specific warm-ups, and the factors that affect personal fitness planning.
  • Participate in fitness activities and assess progress and achievement of fitness goals, including time spent in target heart-rate zone.
3. Safety
The student will demonstrate safe and responsible behaviours to manage risks and prevent injuries in physical activity participation and in daily living. Grade 8 students:
  • Identify safety rules and procedures related to selected physical activities, including cycling and exercising.
  • Show an understanding of the laws and policies for safe communities, basic first-aid procedures, and ways to access community health information.
  • Participate safely in class activities.
4. Personal and Social Management
The student will demonstrate the ability to develop self-understanding, to make health-enhancing decisions, to work cooperatively and fairly with others, and to build positive relationships with others. Grade 8 students:
  • Show an understanding of setting and achieving goals, dealing with stereotyping, appreciating diversity, building positive relationships, and dealing with loss and grief, as well as stress and anxiety.
  • Demonstrate competency in the use of interpersonal skills, as well as goal-setting, decision-making/problem-solving, and stress-management skills.
5. Healthy Lifestyle Practices
The student will demonstrate the ability to make informed decisions for healthy living related to personal health practices, active living, healthy nutritional practices, substance use and abuse, and human sexuality. Grade 8 students:
  • Examine the healthy lifestyle practices related to personal hygiene, active living, and nutrition for maintaining healthy bodies.
  • Develop personal plans for active and healthy living.

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Science

In the Kindergarten to Grade 12 science classroom, students are actively engaged in "doing" science and developing related skills and attitudes, as well as extending their understanding of science concepts. In addition, they make links between science and daily life and appreciate both the power and limitations of science.

Grade 8 students develop an understanding of science concepts in the following units (thematic clusters):

  • Cells and Systems
  • Optics
  • Fluids
  • Water Systems

These topic areas serve as contexts for students to develop the following skills, attitudes, and understanding about the nature of science:

  • Recognize that scientific knowledge has evolved and that technology has played a role in this process.
  • Plan and conduct experiments that constitute a fair test, including controlling variables, recording and analyzing data, and drawing a conclusion based on experimental results.
  • Construct an object or device to solve a problem, based on specific criteria.
  • Investigate societal, environmental, and economic impacts of science and technology.
  • Recognize the importance of maintaining a balance between the needs of humans and a sustainable environment.
  • Appreciate the contributions of Canadians to science and technology.

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Social Studies
World History: Societies of the Past

Grade 8 students explore societies of the past and make connections between the past and present. They examine the origins of human societies from early hunter-gatherer ways of life to societies of the nineteenth century. They study significant people, ideas, and events of historical periods that have shaped the modern world and consider the implications of contact between diverse societies. As they explore selected past societies, students become aware of differing world views and the factors that influence change in societies. They assess the influence of the past on the present and develop an appreciation for the historical significance of past societies and civilizations.

Cluster 1: Understanding Societies Past and Present
In Cluster 1, students explore concepts related to society, civilization, and world view. This study includes a focus on stories and theories of the origin and development of human life and the transition from hunter-gatherer to agrarian ways of life. In addition, students examine ways in which societies change or remain the same, how they organize and perpetuate themselves, and how the natural environment influences their development. Students also study various sources of historical knowledge and consider the importance of knowing and understanding the past.

Cluster 2: Early Societies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, or the Indus Valley
Cluster 2 begins with a brief world overview, focusing on Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China, from about 3500 to 500 BCE.

Students then explore life in one early society, selected from a choice of Mesopotamia, Egypt, or the Indus Valley. This comprehensive study includes a focus on the physical environment and the social, political, technological, and cultural aspects of the selected society.

Cluster 3: Ancient Societies of Greece and Rome
Cluster 3 begins with a brief world overview, focusing on China, Greece, Rome, Persia, and the Mayas and Incas, from about 500 BCE to 500 CE. This overview includes a consideration of world religions that emerged during this time period.

Students then explore life in ancient societies of both Greece and Rome. This comprehensive study focuses on the physical environment and the social, cultural, political, economic, and technological issues of these societies. Students consider the enduring qualities of the art, architecture, science, and ideas of ancient Greece and Rome, and explore their influence on the contemporary world.

Key Concepts

  • Greece: rise and decline, social organization, citizenship and democracy, life in Sparta and Athens, Greek myths, technology, and achievements.
  • Rome: rise and decline, governance, trade, empire building, war and territorial expansion, technology, and achievements.

Cluster 4: Transition to the Modern World (Circa 500 to 1400)
Cluster 4 has a global perspective. It begins with a brief world overview, focusing on China, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and the Americas from about 500 to 1400.

Students then explore individuals and events in selected places in the world during this time period. This study includes a focus on the impact of the fall of Rome, the rise of Islam, Arab conquests and Viking invasions, life in medieval Europe, and the expansion of the Mongol and Ottoman Empires. Students examine the significance and impact of technological development and the spread of ideas during this period. Through an exploration of art, architecture, literature, and science, students consider achievements and contributions of diverse cultures during this period of transition to the modern world.

Cluster 5: Shaping the Modern World (Circa 1400 to 1850)
Cluster 5 begins with a brief world overview, focusing on Europe, Africa, Asia, Australasia, and the Americas from about 1400 to 1850.

Students then explore individuals, ideas, and events related to the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, global exploration, and the Industrial Revolution. Students also focus on the impact of changing social and political ideas and advances in science and technology. They examine the motivations for global exploration and territorial expansion and their impact on diverse groups, including indigenous peoples. Through an exploration of art, architecture, ideas, literature, science, and technology, students consider achievements and contributions of diverse cultures of the past and how they continue to influence and shape the modern world.

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