Curriculum Information for Parents

 

Kindergarten

Music

Students begin to develop the foundation for future musical involvement through a wide range of musical experiences.

Kindergarten students:

  • Participate in musical experiences such as walking a steady beat, singing along with others, joining in singing games, listening to music that expresses different moods, playing simple rhythm and melody instruments, and so on.

Visual Arts

Kindergarten programming encourages exploration and invention in the visual arts.

Kindergarten students:

  • Make art by drawing, painting, moulding clay, weaving or stitching with fibres and fabrics, constructing three-dimensional objects, and so on.
  • Begin to develop an appreciation of art through viewing classroom displays of prints and posters, their own and others' work, and natural and crafted objects around them.

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Grade 1

Music

Students begin to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 1 students:

  • Begin to read and write simple patterns of beats, accents, and so on, through rhythm activities.
  • Develop an understanding of melody through singing and playing bells and xylophones.
  • Learn harmony, form, and tone colour through singing, movement, and using instruments.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 1 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Learn to use design elements such as line, shape, texture, balance, and unity in their art for different purposes (such as creating motion).
  • Use a variety of materials such as crayons, pencils, paint, clay, and so on, to express themselves visually.

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Grade 2

Music

Students begin to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 2 students:

  • Begin to read, write, and play rhythms, using accents and musical markings.
  • Explore melody through songs and instruments.
  • Recognize syllables and hand signs.
  • Begin to write simple pieces of music.
  • Play simple accompaniments.
  • Recognize differences in pitch, form, and harmony.
  • Become familiar with common orchestral instruments.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 2 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Learn to use design elements such as line, shape, texture, balance, and unity in their art for different purposes (such as creating motion).
  • Use a variety of materials such as crayons, pencils, paint, clay, and so on, to express themselves visually.

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Grade 3

Music

Students begin to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 3 students:

  • Continue to learn to read, write, and play simple patterns in music.
  • Expand note knowledge to include triplets, dotted notes, accents, and other symbols.
  • Continue to develop the concept of melody by singing for enjoyment and playing instruments.
  • Recognize the sol-fa syllables and hand signs.
  • Sing with simple instrumental accompaniments such as the piano and bells, and in part songs, rounds, canons, and partner songs.
  • Identify orchestral instruments by family and recognize the sounds they make.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 3 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Use materials such as crayons, pencils, fabric, paper, watercolour, clay, and so on, either alone or in combination.
  • Learn techniques such as those used for murals, slab-building and coiling with clay, papier mâché, and appliqué.
  • Learn about the colour wheel, positive and negative shape, shadows, and perspective.

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Grade 4

Music

Students continue to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 4 students:

  • Continue to read, write, and play patterns of rhythms-half, quarter, eighth, and sixteenth notes, triplets, and rests.
  • Play melodic percussion instruments, recorders, and so on.
  • Sing for enjoyment and to develop vocal skills.
  • Recognize intervals, sharps, flats, and hand signs, and begin sight singing.
  • Develop skills for singing harmony, in parts, and with accompaniment, and write accompaniments.
  • Recognize the voices of alto and soprano.
  • Identify orchestral instruments by family.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 4 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Use materials such as crayons, pencils, fabric, paper, watercolour, clay, and so on, either alone or in combination.
  • Learn techniques such as those used for murals, slab-building and coiling with clay, papier mâché, and appliqué.
  • Learn about the colour wheel, positive and negative shape, shadows, and perspective.

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Grade 5

Music

Students continue to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 5 students:

  • Write rhythm patterns of increasing difficulty.
  • Develop the concept of melody using voice and instruments.
  • Begin to understand the minor scale, and begin two-part singing.
  • Learn to sight-read and harmonize by ear.
  • Identify and sing various song forms such as ballads, spirituals, folk songs, and so on.
  • Begin to recognize four-part voices as soprano, alto, tenor, and bass.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 5 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Explore techniques such as those used for mosaics, subtractive sculpture, casting, kites, mobiles, still life, sketching, finger painting, and woodcuts.
  • Experiment with textural techniques, graying colours, value scales, depth through colour change, rhythm through repetition, and concepts related to symmetry, asymmetry, contrast, and focus.

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Grade 6

Music

Students continue to develop their musical skills and understandings through a variety of learning activities.

Grade 6 students:

  • Write rhythm patterns of increasing difficulty from dictation.
  • Work towards mastering melody through singing and playing instruments.
  • Recognize the bass clef and minor keys.
  • Work to develop skills in part singing, chord changes, accompaniment, and ear training.
  • Recognize music forms such as fugue, overture, concerto, jazz, calypso, and so on.
  • Explore different uses of instruments in history.
  • Recognize groupings of instruments, quintets, quartets, and trios.
  • Develop a sense of the musical periods such as Classical, Romantic, and so on.

Visual Arts

Through a variety of learning activities and experiences, students learn about visual art forms in their environment, make their own art, and appreciate the art of others.

Grade 6 students:

  • Develop an understanding of themes in art through discussing and viewing natural and crafted materials they see around them, viewing their own and others' work, and drawing, painting, or creating three-dimensional objects.
  • Explore techniques such as those used for mosaics, subtractive sculpture, casting, kites, mobiles, still life, sketching, finger painting, and woodcuts.
  • Experiment with textural techniques, graying colours, value scales, depth through colour change, rhythm through repetition, and concepts related to symmetry, asymmetry, contrast, and focus.

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Grades 7 and 8

Music

The music curriculum for Grades 7 and 8 consists of five alternative options:

  • Choral
  • Band
  • Guitar
  • Strings/Orchestra
  • Modular Program

Some schools offer two or more of these options or use the Modular Program that samples a number of the options.

Visual Arts

Students develop specific skills sequentially in each of the following Grades 7 and 8 units:

  • Drawing
  • Painting
  • Printmaking
  • Sculpture
  • Ceramics
  • Fibre Arts
  • Photography

Learning activities to develop art appreciation and an understanding of design are integrated into the various units.

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